The green links below add additional plants to the comparison table. Blue links lead to other Web sites.
enable glossary links

Balkan spurge, egg-leaf spurge, oblong spurge

Habit Herbs, perennial, with woody taproot.
Stems

erect, unbranched or densely branching, 80 cm, often densely villous (especially young stems and pleiochasial branches).

Leaves

petiole absent;

blade oblong to narrowly obovate or lanceolate, 15–70 × 6–25 mm, base rounded or truncate, margins finely serrulate, apex obtuse, mucronulate, surfaces glabrous;

venation inconspicuously pinnate, midvein prominent.

Involucre

cupulate to slightly turbinate, 1.5–2.5 × 1.3–1.5 mm, glabrous;

glands 2–3, elliptic, 0.6–0.8 × 0.8–1.2 mm;

horns absent.

Staminate flowers

15–40.

Pistillate flowers

ovary glabrous;

styles 1.5–2 mm, 2-fid.

Capsules

globose, 3–4.5 × 3–4.5 mm, slightly 3-lobed;

cocci rounded, verrucose-tuberculate, glabrous;

columella 2.5–3.3 mm.

Seeds

brown, ovoid, 2.4–2.6 × 1.3–2 mm, smooth, caruncle reniform, 0.2–0.3 × 0.8–0.9 mm.

Cyathial

arrangement: terminal pleiochasial branches 3–5, each 2–3 times 2–4-branched;

pleiochasial bracts ovate, similar in size to distal leaves;

dichasial bracts distinct, ovate to suborbiculate, base truncate or rounded, margins entire or finely denticulate, apex obtuse, sometimes mucronulate;

axillary cymose branches 0–4.

Cyathia

peduncle 1–5 mm.

Euphorbia oblongata

Phenology Flowering and fruiting spring–fall.
Habitat Waste areas, disturbed sites, roadsides, fields, pastures.
Elevation 30–900 m. [100–3000 ft.]
Discussion

Euphorbia oblongata is listed as a noxious weed by the states of California, Oregon, and Washington.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Distribution
from FNA
CA; OR; WA; s Europe [Introduced in North America]
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
Parent taxa Euphorbiaceae > Euphorbia > subg. Esula
Sibling taxa
E. aaron-rossii, E. abramsiana, E. acuta, E. agraria, E. albomarginata, E. alta, E. angusta, E. antisyphilitica, E. arizonica, E. astyla, E. austrotexana, E. bicolor, E. bifurcata, E. bilobata, E. blodgettii, E. bombensis, E. brachycera, E. capitellata, E. carunculata, E. chaetocalyx, E. chamaesula, E. cinerascens, E. commutata, E. conferta, E. cordifolia, E. corollata, E. crenulata, E. cumulicola, E. cuphosperma, E. curtisii, E. cyathophora, E. cyparissias, E. davidii, E. deltoidea, E. dendroides, E. dentata, E. discoidalis, E. eriantha, E. exigua, E. exserta, E. exstipulata, E. falcata, E. fendleri, E. florida, E. floridana, E. garberi, E. georgiana, E. geyeri, E. glyptosperma, E. golondrina, E. gracillima, E. graminea, E. helioscopia, E. helleri, E. heterophylla, E. hexagona, E. hirta, E. hooveri, E. humistrata, E. hypericifolia, E. hyssopifolia, E. indivisa, E. innocua, E. inundata, E. ipecacuanhae, E. jaegeri, E. jejuna, E. laredana, E. lasiocarpa, E. lata, E. lathyris, E. longicruris, E. lurida, E. macropus, E. maculata, E. marginata, E. meganaesos, E. melanadenia, E. mendezii, E. mercurialina, E. mesembrianthemifolia, E. micromera, E. misera, E. missurica, E. myrsinites, E. nephradenia, E. nutans, E. ocellata, E. ophthalmica, E. ouachitana, E. parishii, E. parryi, E. pediculifera, E. peplidion, E. peplus, E. perennans, E. pergamena, E. pinetorum, E. platyphyllos, E. platysperma, E. polycarpa, E. polygonifolia, E. polyphylla, E. porteriana, E. prostrata, E. pubentissima, E. purpurea, E. radians, E. rayturneri, E. revoluta, E. roemeriana, E. rosescens, E. schizoloba, E. serpens, E. serpillifolia, E. serrata, E. serrula, E. setiloba, E. simulans, E. spathulata, E. stictospora, E. strictior, E. telephioides, E. terracina, E. tetrapora, E. texana, E. theriaca, E. thymifolia, E. tithymaloides, E. trachysperma, E. trichotoma, E. vallis-mortae, E. velleriflora, E. vermiculata, E. villifera, E. virgata, E. wrightii, E. yaquiana
Synonyms Tithymalus oblongatus
Name authority Grisebach: Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 136. (1843)
Source Flora of North America vol. 12, p. 305.
Web links