The green links below add additional plants to the comparison table. Blue links lead to other Web sites.
enable glossary links

red bells, scarlet fritillary

Bulb scales

large 6; small 20–30.


3–9 dm.


in 1–3 whorls of 2–5 leaves per node proximally, alternate distally, 3–15 cm;

blade linear to narrowly lanceolate.



perianth slender;

tepals scarlet, checkered with yellow adaxially and purple abaxially, 1.5–3.7 cm, apex usually strongly recurved;

nectaries yellow, narrowly lanceolate, 1/4 tepal length or less;

style obviously branched for 1/4–1/2 its length, branches ± erect, longer than 1.5 mm.




= 24, 36.

Fritillaria recurva

Phenology Flowering Mar–Jun.
Habitat Dry hillsides in shrubland or woodlands
Elevation 300–2200 m (1000–7200 ft)
from FNA
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]

Variety coccinea has been recognized by a number of authors, but examination of numerous specimens indicates no consistent distinction. In some cases, different plants from the same population appear to align with different varieties.

The Shasta and Yana tribes used Fritillaria recurva bulbs as food.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 26, p. 171.
Parent taxa Liliaceae > Fritillaria
Sibling taxa
F. affinis, F. agrestis, F. atropurpurea, F. biflora, F. brandegeei, F. camschatcensis, F. eastwoodiae, F. falcata, F. gentneri, F. glauca, F. liliacea, F. micrantha, F. ojaiensis, F. pinetorum, F. pluriflora, F. pudica, F. purdyi, F. striata, F. viridea
Synonyms F. recurva var. coccinea
Name authority Bentham: Pl. Hartw., 340. (1857)
Web links