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Florida keys hempvine


6-angled, gray-tomentulose or tomentose;

internodes 5–20 cm.


blades ovate to deltate, 5–10 × 3–8 cm, bases cordate, margins subentire to undulate-dentate, apices acute to acuminate, faces densely pilose to tomentose (abaxial paler than adaxial).


25–55 mm, densely pilose to tomentose.


white, 3.5–5 mm, lobes linear.


substramineous, elliptic to narrowly ovate, 6–8 mm, apices acute to slightly rounded.


7–10 mm.


brown, 3–4 mm, glabrous or pubescent, sparsely gland-dotted;

pappi of ca. 60 white, barbellate bristles 4–5 mm.


of heads compound-corymbiform (terminal and lateral), 6 × 7+ cm.


= 38.

Mikania cordifolia

Phenology Flowering Sep–Dec.
Habitat Wet areas, woodlands, calcareous soils
Elevation 0–100 m (0–300 ft)
from FNA
AL; FL; GA; LA; MS; TX; Mexico; Central America; South America; West Indies
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Mikania cordifolia grows in all wet-tropical and subtropical America from northern Argentina to the lower Gulf Coastal Plain of the United States. It has the largest natural distribution of any species in the genus. In the tropics, M. cordifolia tends to be weedy, frequently occupying disturbed sites, usually in the lowlands. It is not weedy in the United States. In Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas, M. cordifolia occurs in relatively open seeps and stream sides in beech (Fagus grandiflora Ehrhart) woods. It was collected in 1875 from the Navy Ballast Yard in Kargins Point, New Jersey (W. C. Holmes 1981); no further records for New Jersey are known.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 21, p. 546.
Parent taxa Asteraceae > tribe Eupatorieae > Mikania
Sibling taxa
M. batatifolia, M. scandens
Synonyms Cacalia cordifolia
Name authority (Linnaeus f.) Willdenow: Sp. Pl. 3: 1746. (1803)
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