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broad-leaf paperbark, niauoli, punk tree

Habit Trees, 1–18 m; bark papery.


blade usually narrowly elliptic to elliptic, rarely somewhat falcate, 5.5–12 × 1–3.1 cm, veins 5–7, longitudinal, surfaces glabrescent.


15–54-flowered, flowers in triads, pseudoterminal, sometimes also axillary distally, to 40 mm wide.


calyx lobes glabrous abaxially, margins scarious, 0.3–0.4 mm wide;

petals deciduous, 2.5–3.5 mm;

filaments connate in bundles of 5–10, white, cream, greenish white, green, creamy white, or creamy yellow, 10.5–20 mm, bundle claw 0.9–2.5 mm;

style 11–18 mm;

ovules ca. 50–65 per locule.


2.7–4 mm.




= 22.

Melaleuca quinquenervia

Phenology Flowering year-round (commonly in fall).
Elevation 0–30 m. (0–100 ft.)
from FNA
FL; LA; Asia (Malesia); Pacific Islands (New Caledonia); Australia [Introduced in North America; introduced also elsewhere in Pacific Islands (Hawaii), widely elsewhere]
[BONAP county map]

Melaleuca quinquenervia is a serious woody weed of wetland habitats in Florida and Louisiana. Mechanical control has not been successful and research in recent years has been focused upon biological control.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 10.
Parent taxa Myrtaceae > Melaleuca
Sibling taxa
M. citrina, M. linariifolia, M. viminalis
Synonyms Metrosideros quinquenervia
Name authority (Cavanilles) S. T. Blake: Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 69: 76. (1958)
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