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ciprés monterrey, Monterey cypress

Habit Trees to 25 m; crown generally broadly spreading, especially on exposed headlands, fairly sparse, often composed of few major limbs from near ground, more upright in sheltered locations.

rough, fibrous.


decussate, 1.5–2 mm diam.


without gland or sometimes with inconspicuous, shallow, pitlike, abaxial gland that does not produce drop of resin, not glaucous.

Pollen cones

4–6 × 2.5–3 mm;

pollen sacs 6–10.


cones oblong, 2.5–4 cm, grayish brown, not glaucous;

scales 4–6 pairs, smooth, umbo nearly flat at maturity.


= 22.

Cupressus macrocarpa

Habitat Coastal bluffs
Elevation 5–35 m (0–100 ft)
from FNA
[WildflowerSearch map]

The geographically most restricted taxon recognized here, Cupressus macrocarpa is confined today to two picturesque groves near Monterey, but it is also known from fossils to have been in other regions. It is much planted and commonly naturalized near the coast from central California north to Washington and in warm temperate and subtropical regions worldwide.

Of conservation concern.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 2.
Parent taxa Cupressaceae > Cupressus
Sibling taxa
C. arizonica, C. bakeri, C. goveniana, C. guadalupensis, C. macnabiana, C. sargentii
Name authority Hartweg: J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 187. (1847)
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