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ciprés monterrey, Monterey cypress

Baker cypress, Modoc cypress, Siskiyou cypress

Habit Trees to 25 m; crown generally broadly spreading, especially on exposed headlands, fairly sparse, often composed of few major limbs from near ground, more upright in sheltered locations. Trees to 30 m; crown broadly columnar, sparse.

rough, fibrous.

smooth at first, later building up in layers.


decussate, 1.5–2 mm diam.

decussate, 0.5–1.3 mm diam.


without gland or sometimes with inconspicuous, shallow, pitlike, abaxial gland that does not produce drop of resin, not glaucous.

with conspicuous, pitlike, abaxial gland that produces drop of resin, slightly glaucous.

Pollen cones

4–6 × 2.5–3 mm;

pollen sacs 6–10.

2–3 × 2–2.5 mm;

pollen sacs 3–5.


cones oblong, 2.5–4 cm, grayish brown, not glaucous;

scales 4–6 pairs, smooth, umbo nearly flat at maturity.

cones globose, mostly 1–2 cm, silvery, not glaucous;

scales 3–4 pairs, usually covered with resin blisters, umbos often prominent, those of distal scales erect, to 4 mm.


= 22.

Cupressus macrocarpa

Cupressus bakeri

Habitat Coastal bluffs Mixed evergreen forests
Elevation 5–35 m (0–100 ft) 1100–2000 m (3600–6600 ft)
from FNA
[WildflowerSearch map]
from FNA
[WildflowerSearch map]

The geographically most restricted taxon recognized here, Cupressus macrocarpa is confined today to two picturesque groves near Monterey, but it is also known from fossils to have been in other regions. It is much planted and commonly naturalized near the coast from central California north to Washington and in warm temperate and subtropical regions worldwide.

Of conservation concern.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Of conservation concern.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 2. FNA vol. 2.
Parent taxa Cupressaceae > Cupressus Cupressaceae > Cupressus
Sibling taxa
C. arizonica, C. bakeri, C. goveniana, C. guadalupensis, C. macnabiana, C. sargentii
C. arizonica, C. goveniana, C. guadalupensis, C. macnabiana, C. macrocarpa, C. sargentii
Synonyms C. bakeri subsp. matthewsii, C. macnabiana var. bakeri
Name authority Hartweg: J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 187. (1847) Jepson: Fl. Calif. 1: 61. (1909)
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