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California corn lily, California false hellebore, Californian false hellebore, false-hellebore


1–2.5 m, ± glabrous proximally, tomentose distally.


ovate, distalmost lanceolate to lance-linear, 20–40 × 15–25 cm, reduced distally, tomentose-ciliate, curly-hairy abaxially, glabrous or veins sparsely short-hairy adaxially.


dense-paniculate, with spreading to stiffly erect branches to near tip or distal 1/3–1/2 unbranched, 30–70 cm, tomentose;

bracts ovate-elliptic to lanceolate, shorter than to obviously longer than flowers.


narrowly ovoid, 2–3 cm, glabrous.


flat, winged, 10–12 mm.


creamy white, greenish basally, lanceolate to elliptic or oblong-ovate, not or very slightly clawed, 8–17 mm, margins entire to denticulate, glabrous to abaxially tomentose;

gland 1, basal, green, V-shaped;

ovary glabrous or with few hairs;

pedicel 1–6 mm.

Veratrum californicum

from USDA
w North America
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]

Varieties 2 (2 in the flora).

Different geographic elements of Veratrum californicum have been described as separate species or varieties. The variation seems to be clinal, with most variants not consistent in their appearance or distribution. We have recognized two varieties that appear to be fairly consistent in their distributions and characteristics.

Western Native Americans (Blackfeet, Paiute, Shoshone, Thompson, and Washoe) used this species as an antirheumatic, poison, contraceptive, and emetic, as well as a skin, respiratory, blood, cold, snake bite, throat, and toothache aid (D. E. Moerman 1986).

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

1. Panicle branched more than 2/3 length of tip; bracts in unbranched portion ovate-elliptic, seldom exceeding flowers.
V. californicum var. californicum
1. Panicle unbranched in distal 1/3–1/2; bracts in proximal unbranched portion lanceolate, frequently 2–3 times longer than flowers.
V. californicum var. caudatum
Source FNA vol. 26, p. 75.
Parent taxa Liliaceae > Veratrum
Sibling taxa
V. album, V. fimbriatum, V. insolitum, V. viride
Subordinate taxa
V. californicum var. californicum, V. californicum var. caudatum
Name authority Durand: J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, ser. 2, 3: 103. (1855)
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