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Jerusalem cherry, Jerusalem- or winter-cherry, Jerusalem-cherry nightshade

Habit Shrubs, erect, unarmed, to 1 m, glabrous to densely pubescent, hairs dendritically branched.


petiole 0.2–1 cm;

blade simple, elliptic, 1–9 × 0.5–4.5 cm, margins entire, base acute to attenuate.


leaf-opposed, unbranched, 1–8-flowered, 0.2–1 cm.


0.3–0.7 cm in flower, 0.8–1 cm and erect in fruit.


radially symmetric;

calyx somewhat accrescent, unarmed, 2.5–6 mm, glabrous to densely pubescent with dendritic hairs, lobes long-triangular;

corolla white, stellate, 1–1.5(–2.5) cm diam., without interpetalar tissue;

stamens equal;

anthers oblong, 3–4 mm, dehiscent by terminal pores that open into longitudinal slits;

ovary glabrous.


yellow to orange or red, globose, 1–2 cm diam., glabrous, without sclerotic granules.


yellowish, flattened with thickened margins, 3–4 × 2.5–3 mm, minutely pitted.


= 24.

Solanum pseudocapsicum

Phenology Flowering May–Sep.
Habitat Disturbed sites.
Elevation 0–1000 m. (0–3300 ft.)
from FNA
FL; TX; Mexico; Central America; South America; often escaped in tropical and subtropical countries worldwide [Introduced in North America]
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Solanum pseudocapsicum is native from Mexico to Argentina, southern Brazil, and Uruguay. It is grown as an ornamental for its showy fruits, especially around Christmas. It occasionally escapes from cultivation in southern Florida and Texas. In Texas, it has become established and fairly common in Austin, in the Lower Rio Grande Valley, and in Goliad and Caldwell counties. Cultivated forms are usually glabrous, but some can have branched pubescence. The fruits are mildly poisonous when ingested by humans but can be highly toxic to dogs and some birds.

Solanum pseudocapsicum, along with S. diphyllum, has a distinctive leaf arrangement in which a longer, narrower leaf is paired with a shorter, often more rounded one.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 14.
Parent taxa Solanaceae > Solanum
Sibling taxa
S. americanum, S. aviculare, S. bahamense, S. campechiense, S. capsicoides, S. carolinense, S. chenopodioides, S. citrullifolium, S. cordicitum, S. davisense, S. deflexum, S. dimidiatum, S. diphyllum, S. donianum, S. douglasii, S. dulcamara, S. elaeagnifolium, S. emulans, S. erianthum, S. furcatum, S. hindsianum, S. interius, S. jamaicense, S. jamesii, S. laciniatum, S. lanceolatum, S. lumholtzianum, S. lycopersicum, S. marginatum, S. mauritianum, S. nigrescens, S. nigrum, S. nitidibaccatum, S. novomexicanum, S. perplexum, S. pseudogracile, S. pumilum, S. rostratum, S. sarrachoides, S. seaforthianum, S. setigeroides, S. sisymbriifolium, S. stoloniferum, S. tampicense, S. tenuipes, S. torvum, S. triflorum, S. triquetrum, S. umbelliferum, S. viarum, S. wallacei
Synonyms S. capsicastrum
Name authority Linnaeus: Sp. Pl. 1: 184. (1753)
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