The green links below add additional plants to the comparison table. Blue links lead to other Web sites.
enable glossary links

Alexandrian laurel, mastwood

Habit Trees usually with relatively short trunks and spreading branches, 7–25(–35) m. Leaves: petiole broadened and flattened toward blade, 10–25 mm; blade bright green, elliptic-oblong to obovate, 8–20 × 4.5–12 cm, base cuneate to rounded, finally decurrent, margins ± undulate, apex rounded to retuse, lateral veins prominent on both surfaces.

in distal axils, 3–12-flowered.


2 cm diam.;

sepals reflexed, outer pair orbiculate, 7–8 mm, inner pair obovate, ± petaloid, 10 mm;

petals 4, white, obovate, 9–12 mm;

ovary globose.


green, globose to obovoid, 2.5–5 × 2–4 cm;

stone subspheric, smooth.


= 32.

Calophyllum inophyllum

Phenology Flowering summer.
Habitat Wetlands, especially coastal
Elevation 0–20 m (0–100 ft)
from FNA
FL; s Asia (India, Sri Lanka); e Africa; Indian Ocean Islands (Madagascar); Pacific Islands [Introduced in North America]
[BONAP county map]

Calophyllum inophyllum occurs in southern Florida; it is widely planted and possibly naturalized. The smaller-flowered C. antillana Jacquin has also been recorded as seminaturalized on the keys.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 6, p. 65.
Parent taxa Calophyllaceae > Calophyllum
Name authority Linnaeus: Sp. Pl. 1: 513. (1753)
Web links