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Alexandrian laurel, mastwood

Habit Trees usually with relatively short trunks and spreading branches, 7–25(–35) m. Trees [shrubs], polygamous or dioecious, glabrous or hairy, hairs unicellular or multicellular, with glandular canals containing latex.
Leaves

petiole broadened and flattened toward blade, 10–25 mm;

blade bright green, elliptic-oblong to obovate, 8–20 × 4.5–12 cm, base cuneate to rounded, finally decurrent, margins ± undulate, apex rounded to retuse, lateral veins prominent on both surfaces.

opposite [alternate], decussate, simple, petiolate;

blade: margins entire, surfaces with ± spherical glands containing secretions other than hypericin and pseudohypericin.

Inflorescences

in distal axils, 3–12-flowered.

axillary [terminal], pedicellate.

Flowers

2 cm diam.;

sepals reflexed, outer pair orbiculate, 7–8 mm, inner pair obovate, ± petaloid, 10 mm;

petals 4, white, obovate, 9–12 mm;

ovary globose.

bisexual or unisexual, homostylous;

sepals persistent or deciduous, 2–4[–16], distinct or connate, inner pair often petaloid;

petals deciduous, [0–]4–6[–8], decussate [contorted];

filaments basally connate [distinct], slender;

anthers eglandular [glandular], dehiscing longitudinally;

ovary superior, 1–8-locular;

placentation basal;

style 1;

stigma ± expanded to peltate.

Fruits

baccate or drupaceous [capsular].

Drupes

green, globose to obovoid, 2.5–5 × 2–4 cm;

stone subspheric, smooth.

Seeds

not arillate;

embryo length 1/3+ times seed, cotyledons large.

2n

= 32.

Calophyllum inophyllum

Calophyllaceae

Phenology Flowering summer.
Habitat Wetlands, especially coastal
Elevation 0–20 m (0–100 ft)
Distribution
from FNA
FL; s Asia (India, Sri Lanka); e Africa; Indian Ocean Islands (Madagascar); Pacific Islands [Introduced in North America]
[BONAP county map]
Mexico; Central America; South America; West Indies; Asia; Africa; Indian Ocean Islands (Madagascar); Pacific Islands; Australia; pantropical [Introduced, Fla.]
[BONAP county map]
Discussion

Calophyllum inophyllum occurs in southern Florida; it is widely planted and possibly naturalized. The smaller-flowered C. antillana Jacquin has also been recorded as seminaturalized on the keys.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Genera 14, species ca. 490 (2 genera, 2 species in the flora).

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Key
1. Styles slender, lengths ca. 4 times ovary; sepals 4, distinct; leaves without tertiary venation visible between lateral veins.
Calophyllum
1. Styles thick, very short; sepals 2 or 3, completely connate in bud; leaves with tertiary venation prominent between lateral veins.
Mammea
Source FNA vol. 6, p. 65. FNA vol. 6, p. 64.
Parent taxa Calophyllaceae > Calophyllum
Subordinate taxa
Calophyllum, Mammea
Name authority Linnaeus: Sp. Pl. 1: 513. (1753) J. Agardh
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