The green links below add additional plants to the comparison table. Blue links lead to other Web sites.
enable glossary links

bitter ginger


blades oblanceolate or narrowly elliptical, 30–32 × 6–7 cm (smaller distally).


erect, 7–11 × [3–]5–6 cm;

bracts of main axis green when young, becoming red;

proximal bracts reniform or very broadly ovate, concave, 2–3 × 3–4 cm, apex broadly rounded;

distal bracts smaller but otherwise similar to proximal bracts, ca. 1 × 2 cm.


perianth and staminodes pale yellow.

Zingiber zerumbet

Phenology Flowering fall (Oct).
Habitat Disturbed areas
Elevation 50 m (200 ft)
from FNA
FL; native; Asia (India and the Malay Peninsula) [Introduced in North America]
[BONAP county map]

In Asia, the rhizomes of Zingiber zerumbet are used as a spice in much the same way as those of Z. officinale. In North America, escaped populations are known only from two sites in Gainesville, Florida.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 22.
Parent taxa Zingiberaceae > Zingiber
Synonyms Amomum zerumbet
Name authority (Linnaeus) Smith: Exotic Botany 2: 105. (1806)
Web links