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neckweed, purslane speedwell

long-leaf speedwell

Habit Annuals. Perennials.
Stems

erect or ascending, (2.5–)4–25(–35) cm, glabrous or densely glandular-hairy.

erect, usually with 10–20 nodes, (50–)70–120(–150) cm, proximal 1/2 glabrous, distal 1/2 eglandular-hairy with some glandular hairs intermixed.

Leaves

blade oblanceolate proximally, narrowly oblong distally, 5–28(–35) × 2–6(–10) mm, 3–10 times as long as wide, base cuneate, margins entire or dentate distally, apex acute, surfaces glabrous or densely glandular-hairy.

blade narrowly ovate-lanceolate, almost linear, or narrowly ovate, (60–)80–120(–150) × 10–30(–35) mm, base cuneate, truncate, or cordate, margins serrate to biserrate, apex acute, surfaces sparsely or densely eglandular-hairy, rarely glabrous.

Racemes

1, terminal, sometimes 1 or 2 axillary, 20–200 mm, (2–)5–40-flowered, axis glabrous or densely glandular-hairy;

bracts spatulate to linear-lanceolate, 3–22 mm.

1–7(–9), terminal and occasionally axillary, 100–200(–300) mm, 150–300-flowered, axis eglandular- and glandular-hairy;

bracts linear to subulate, 2–6 mm.

Pedicels

erect, 0.2–1(–2) mm, much shorter than subtending bract, glabrous or densely glandular-hairy.

erect, (1–)1.5–3(–5) mm, shorter than subtending bract, densely eglandular-hairy, sometimes also glandular-hairy.

Flowers

calyx lobes (2–)3–6 mm, 0.9–2 mm wide, apex obtuse to acute, glabrous or densely glandular-hairy;

corolla white or pale pink, 2–5 mm diam.;

stamens 1 mm;

style 0.1–0.5 mm.

calyx lobes 2–2.5(–4) mm, apex acute, eglandular-hairy, sometimes glandular-hairy;

corolla blue, campanulate, longer than wide, 5–7 mm diam.;

stamens 5–6 mm;

style (5–)6–8(–10) mm.

Capsules

strongly compressed in cross section, obcordiform, 2.5–5 × 2.5–6 mm, apex ± emarginate, glabrous.

± compressed in cross section, ovoid, 2.5–3 × 2.5–3 mm, apex emarginate, glabrous.

Seeds

12–140, yellow or pale brown, oblong, flat, 0.6–1.6 × 0.4–0.9 mm, 0.1–0.2 mm thick, smooth.

2–40, light brown, ellipsoid, flat, 0.7–1.2 × 0.5–0.8 mm, 0.2–0.3 mm thick, smooth.

2n

= 52.

= 34, 68 (Eurasia).

Veronica peregrina

Veronica longifolia

Phenology Flowering (Feb–)Mar–Jun(–Nov). Flowering Jun–Aug(–Sep).
Habitat Moist waste lands, gardens, roadsides, stream banks, pond shorelines, vernal pools, other cultivated land. Moist (swampy) habitats, roadsides.
Elevation 0–700(–3000) m. [0–2300(–9800) ft.] 0–800 m. [0–2600 ft.]
Distribution
from FNA
AK; AL; AR; AZ; CA; CO; CT; DC; DE; FL; GA; IA; ID; IL; IN; KS; KY; LA; MA; MD; ME; MI; MN; MO; MS; MT; NC; ND; NE; NH; NJ; NM; NV; NY; OH; OK; OR; PA; RI; SC; SD; TN; TX; UT; VA; VT; WA; WI; WV; WY; AB; BC; MB; NB; NF; NS; NT; ON; PE; QC; SK; YT; Central America; South America; Mexico (Baja California, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, México, Sonora); Eurasia; Australia
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
from FNA
AK; CT; FL; IA; IL; IN; KY; MA; MD; ME; MI; MN; MO; MT; ND; NH; NJ; NY; OH; PA; RI; VT; WA; WI; WV; AB; BC; MB; NB; NF; NS; NT; ON; PE; QC; SK; YT; Eurasia [Introduced in North America; introduced also in South America, Pacific Islands (New Zealand)]
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
Discussion

Stem indument of Veronica peregrina has been used to distinguish var. xalapensis with a glandular-hairy stem (F. W. Pennell 1935), a variety that seems to be confined to drier places than the type variety. Variety laurentiana is also differentiated from var. peregrina in having a glandular-hairy stem, fleshier leaves, shorter stamens, smaller corollas, and slightly differently shaped capsules (Frère Marie-Victorin and J. Rousseau 1940).

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Reports of Veronica bachofenii Heuffel, V. grandis Fischer ex Sprengel (= V. daurica Steven), or V. spuria Linnaeus, seem always to refer to garden varieties of V. longifolia. Garden varieties often differ from typical plants in having glandular hairs and broader leaves, which may indicate past hybridization with other species.

Subgenus Pseudolysimachium includes Veronica longifolia and V. spicata, which are naturalized in the flora area, but also other species and hybrids of these, which are commonly grown ornamentally and may escape from cultivation. All of these plants should easily key out with V. longifolia and V. spicata but differ in specifics of the species descriptions.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 17, p. 314. FNA vol. 17, p. 308.
Parent taxa Plantaginaceae > Veronica Plantaginaceae > Veronica
Sibling taxa
V. agrestis, V. alpina, V. americana, V. anagallis-aquatica, V. argute-serrata, V. arvensis, V. beccabunga, V. biloba, V. catenata, V. chamaedrys, V. copelandii, V. cusickii, V. cymbalaria, V. dillenii, V. filiformis, V. fruticans, V. grandiflora, V. hederifolia, V. longifolia, V. officinalis, V. persica, V. polita, V. scutellata, V. serpyllifolia, V. spicata, V. stelleri, V. sublobata, V. teucrium, V. triloba, V. triphyllos, V. undulata, V. verna, V. wormskjoldii
V. agrestis, V. alpina, V. americana, V. anagallis-aquatica, V. argute-serrata, V. arvensis, V. beccabunga, V. biloba, V. catenata, V. chamaedrys, V. copelandii, V. cusickii, V. cymbalaria, V. dillenii, V. filiformis, V. fruticans, V. grandiflora, V. hederifolia, V. officinalis, V. peregrina, V. persica, V. polita, V. scutellata, V. serpyllifolia, V. spicata, V. stelleri, V. sublobata, V. teucrium, V. triloba, V. triphyllos, V. undulata, V. verna, V. wormskjoldii
Synonyms V. peregrina var. laurentiana, V. peregrina subsp. xalapensis, V. peregrina var. xalapensis, V. sherwoodii, V. xalapensis V. maritima
Name authority Linnaeus: Sp. Pl. 1: 14. (1753) Linnaeus: Sp. Pl. 1: 10. (1753)
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