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Habit Trees 3–8 m. Trees.

spreading [erect], minutely hairy [to glabrescent], not viscid.


petiole commonly subequal to blade, with pubescence like stem;

stipules sessile, oblong-lanceolate, 15–40 × 8–14 mm;

blade discolorous, palmately 7–9-veined, mostly 6–13 cm, coriaceous, apex short-acuminate, surfaces minutely and densely stellate-hairy or nearly glabrous abaxially.

stipules usually early-deciduous leaving annular scars, prominent, oblong, enclosing terminal bud;

blade broadly ovate [orbiculate, elliptic], not dissected or parted [3-lobed], base deeply cordate [rarely cuneate], margins usually entire (sometimes obscurely crenulate or denticulate), with nectaries near base abaxially.


flowers sometimes aggregated distally with reduced leaves;

involucel cupuliform.

axillary, solitary flowers;

involucel present, bractlets persistent, connate.


minutely stellate-hairy;

involucellar bractlets connate.


calyx deeply divided, 1.5–2 cm, lobes not gland-dotted, densely stellate-hairy, with nectary on each midrib;

staminal column pallid, apically 5-dentate, glabrous;

style emergent from staminal column;

stigmas 5.

calyx persistent, splitting asymmetrically, not accrescent or inflated, lobes often ribbed, triangular to ovate, not gland-dotted;

corolla campanulate, yellow, fading to orange or red, sometimes drying dark greenish;

staminal column included;

style 5-branched from or beyond orifice or staminal column;

stigmas capitate.


capsules, erect, not inflated, carpels 5, subglobose or ovoid, not indurate, not fleshy, densely hairy, dehiscent.


5-locular, 1.5–2 × 1.5–2 cm, subequal to calyx, antrorsely hairy, hairs yellowish or brownish.


4 mm, minutely papillate.

2–many per carpel, densely hairy or seemingly glabrous.


= 40–48.

Hibiscus tiliaceus


from USDA
Mexico; Central America; South America; West Indies; Asia [Introduced, Fla.]
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Mexico; Central America; South America; West Indies; Asia; Pacific Islands (especially New Guinea) [Introduced, Fla.]
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Varieties 2 (2 in the flora).

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Species 22 (1 in the flora).

Two taxa are sometimes cultivated for ornament in southern Florida: Talipariti elatum (Swartz) Fryxell and T. tiliaceum var. tiliaceum, the latter sometimes naturalized. Species of Talipariti usually are estuarine and/or littoral.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

1. Corollas yellow with prominent red center; stipule scars nearly straight or slightly curved; epidermis of involucel and stipules visible through pubescence.
var. tiliaceum
1. Corollas yellow without red center; stipule scars markedly curved; epidermis of involucel and stipules obscured by pubescence.
var. pernambucense
Source FNA vol. 6, p. 370. FNA vol. 6, p. 370.
Parent taxa Malvaceae > subfam. Malvoideae > Talipariti Malvaceae > subfam. Malvoideae
Subordinate taxa
T. tiliaceum var. pernambucense, T. tiliaceum var. tiliaceum
T. tiliaceum
Synonyms Hibiscus tiliaceus, Pariti tiliaceum Hibiscus section Azanzae
Name authority (Linnaeus) Fryxell: Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 23: 258. (2001) Fryxell: Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 23: 231, figs. 1 – 5. (2001)
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