The green links below add additional plants to the comparison table. Blue links lead to other Web sites.
enable glossary links
Rubus bartonianus

Barton's raspberry, bartonberry

stone bramble

Habit Shrubs, 8–25 dm, unarmed. Herbs or subshrubs, to 4 dm, armed or unarmed.
Stems

erect, sparsely short-hairy, glabrescent, eglandular, not pruinose.

usually creeping, ± woody basally, sparsely to densely hairy, eglandular, not pruinose;

prickles absent or sparse, erect, weak, 1–3 mm, narrow-based.

Leaves

deciduous, simple;

stipules lanceolate, 4–6 mm;

blade cordate to broadly ovate, (2–)2.5–4(–5) × (2.5–)3.5–4.5(–5.5) cm, base deeply cordate, 3–5-lobed, lobe apices acute to obtuse, margins coarsely doubly dentate, abaxial surfaces glabrous or sparsely hairy, eglandular or sparsely stipitate-glandular.

deciduous, ternate;

stipules free from petioles, lanceolate to ovate or elliptic, 6–11 mm;

petiole 2–11 cm;

petiolule of terminal leaflet 8–20 mm;

lateral leaflet sessile or subsessile;

terminal leaflets ovate to elliptic, 4–8 × 3–7 cm, base tapered, unlobed, lateral leaflets sometimes shallowly lobed, margins coarsely doubly serrate, apex acute, abaxial surfaces unarmed, sparsely hairy, eglandular.

Inflorescences

1-flowered.

axillary, 1–6-flowered, cymiform or umbelliform.

Pedicels

moderately hairy, eglandular or sparsely stipitate-glandular.

unarmed or prickles weak, erect, hairy, eglandular or sparsely stipitate-glandular.

Flowers

bisexual;

petals white, obovate, (15–)20–25 mm;

filaments filiform;

ovaries glabrous, styles clavate, villous.

bisexual;

petals greenish white, narrowly obovate, 5.5–7 mm;

filaments laminar;

ovaries glabrous.

Fruits

deep red, hemispheric, to 1 cm;

drupelets 10–30, coherent, separating from torus.

red, globose, 0.5–1.5 cm;

drupelets 1–10, not or weakly coherent, separating with torus attached.

2n

= 28.

Rubus bartonianus

Rubus saxatilis

Phenology Flowering Mar–May. Flowering May–Jul.
Habitat Dry, rocky slopes Birch scrub, talus slopes
Elevation 300–400 m [1000–1300 ft] 1300–2100 m [4300–6900 ft]
Distribution
from FNA
ID; OR
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
from USDA
Greenland; Eurasia
[BONAP county map]
Discussion

Of conservation concern.

Rubus bartonianus is distinguished from the other flowering raspberries within its geographic range by its erect, unarmed stems, relatively small, simple leaves with acute to obtuse lobes, deeply cordate bases, sparsely hairy or glabrous abaxial surfaces, relatively large flowers with white petals, and densely long-hairy, clavate styles. The leaves superficially resemble those of Acer glabrum or some species of Ribes.

Rubus bartonianus is most similar to R. neomexicanus but especially R. deliciosus. The species is known only from the Snake River Canyon of Idaho and Oregon.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Rubus saxatilis is defined by its creeping, unarmed or weakly armed stems, ternate leaves, and relatively small white petals. It has very weak prickles that detach easily, sometimes giving plants an unarmed appearance. The species is known in the flora area from only two sites in southern Greenland (T. W. Böcher 1938; D. B. Jensen and K. D. Christensen 2003).

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 9, p. 36. FNA vol. 9, p. 52.
Parent taxa Rosaceae > subfam. Rosoideae > tribe Rubeae > Rubus Rosaceae > subfam. Rosoideae > tribe Rubeae > Rubus
Sibling taxa
R. allegheniensis, R. arcticus, R. bifrons, R. caesius, R. canadensis, R. chamaemorus, R. cuneifolius, R. deliciosus, R. flagellaris, R. glaucifolius, R. hispidus, R. idaeus, R. illecebrosus, R. laciniatus, R. lasiococcus, R. leucodermis, R. neomexicanus, R. nivalis, R. niveus, R. nutkanus, R. occidentalis, R. odoratus, R. parviflorus, R. parvifolius, R. pascuus, R. pedatus, R. pensilvanicus, R. phoenicolasius, R. pubescens, R. repens, R. saxatilis, R. setosus, R. spectabilis, R. trivialis, R. ulmifolius, R. ursinus, R. vestitus
R. allegheniensis, R. arcticus, R. bartonianus, R. bifrons, R. caesius, R. canadensis, R. chamaemorus, R. cuneifolius, R. deliciosus, R. flagellaris, R. glaucifolius, R. hispidus, R. idaeus, R. illecebrosus, R. laciniatus, R. lasiococcus, R. leucodermis, R. neomexicanus, R. nivalis, R. niveus, R. nutkanus, R. occidentalis, R. odoratus, R. parviflorus, R. parvifolius, R. pascuus, R. pedatus, R. pensilvanicus, R. phoenicolasius, R. pubescens, R. repens, R. setosus, R. spectabilis, R. trivialis, R. ulmifolius, R. ursinus, R. vestitus
Name authority M. Peck: Rhodora 36: 267. (1934) Linnaeus: Sp. Pl. 1: 494. (1753)
Web links