The green links below add additional plants to the comparison table. Blue links lead to other Web sites.
enable glossary links

cultivated radish, garden radish, jointed charlock, radish, wild radish

Habit Annuals or biennials, roots often fleshy in cultivated forms; often sparsely scabrous or hispid, sometimes glabrous.

often simple from base, (1–)4–13 dm.

Basal leaves

petiole 1–30 cm;

blade oblong, obovate, oblanceolate, or spatulate in outline, lyrate or pinnatisect, sometimes undivided, 2–60 cm × 10–200 mm, margins dentate, apex obtuse or acute;

lobes 1–12 each side, oblong or ovate, to 10 cm × 50 mm.

Cauline leaves

(distal) subsessile;

blade often undivided.


sepals 5.5–10 × 1–2 mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent;

petals usually purple or pink, sometimes white (veins often darker), 15–25 × 3–8 mm, claw to 14 mm;

filaments 5–12 mm;

anthers 1.5–2 mm.

Fruiting pedicels

spreading to ascending, 5–40 mm.


usually fusiform or lanceolate, sometimes ovoid or cylindrical;

valvular segment 1–3.5 mm;

terminal segment (1–)3–15(–25) cm × (5–)7–13(–15) mm, smooth or, rarely, slightly constricted between seeds, not ribbed, beak narrowly to broadly conical to linear;

style 10–40 mm.


globose or ovoid, 2.5–4 mm diam.


= 18.

Raphanus sativus

Phenology Flowering May–Jul.
Habitat Roadsides, disturbed areas, waste places, cultivated fields, gardens, orchards
Elevation 0-1000 m [0-3300 ft]
from FNA
AK; AL; AR; AZ; CA; CO; CT; DC; DE; FL; GA; IA; ID; IL; IN; KS; KY; LA; MA; MD; ME; MI; MN; MO; MS; MT; NC; ND; NE; NH; NJ; NM; NV; NY; OH; OK; OR; PA; RI; SC; SD; TN; TX; UT; VA; VT; WA; WI; WV; WY; BC; MB; NB; NL; NS; ON; PE; QC; SK; Europe; Asia [Introduced in North America; introduced also in Mexico, Bermuda, South America, Africa, Atlantic Islands, Australia]
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]

Raphanus sativus is an important crop plant that is cultivated and/or weedy in most temperate regions worldwide. It is unknown as a wild plant, but suggested to be derived from R. raphanistrum subsp. landra, which is endemic to the Mediterranean region (L. J. Lewis-Jones et al. 1982).

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 7, p. 439.
Parent taxa Brassicaceae > tribe Brassiceae > Raphanus
Sibling taxa
R. raphanistrum
Name authority Linnaeus: Sp. Pl. 2: 669. (1753)
Web links