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Stem(s)

leaves ovate to short-lanceolate, 1.5–1.9 mm including the awn, distal margins strongly recurved to once revolute;

apex rounded-obtuse below the awn;

costa ending in a short awn, adaxial surface of costa at mid leaf concave, with 4 guide cells;

distal laminal cells 12–15 µm wide, 1:1.

Specialized

asexual reproduction absent.

[perichaetial leaves not differentiated.] sporophytes not seen.

Pseudocrossidium crinitum

Habitat Soil, sand, sandstone, limestone, basalt, shale, boulders, ledges, deserts
Elevation moderate to high elevations (500-2000 m) [moderate to high elevations (1600-6600 ft)]
Discussion

Pseudocrossidium crinitum, when the awn is short, can be distinguished from P. replicatum (forms of which may have strongly mucronate leaf apices) by the large area of differentiated parenchymatous cells on the abaxial lateral surface of the costa on both sides adjacent to the laminal insertion on the costa, easily seen in section at mid leaf and often deep yellow in color, appearing as a row of ocelli; the leaf marginal cells are very thin-walled. This essentially southern species reaches its northern range extension in western United States E. B. Bartram 1924; R. H. Zander 1993). An exceptionally robust collection of P. crinitum from Mexico (Puebla, Azumbilla, Zander 4899, BUF) has two layers of guide cells in the costa, but this is very unusual.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Distribution
from FNA
AZ; NM; NV; TX; UT; Mexico; South America; Africa; Australia
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Parent taxa Pottiaceae > subfam. Barbuloideae > Pseudocrossidium
Sibling taxa
P. hornschuchianum, P. obtusulum, P. replicatum
Synonyms Barbula crinita, Barbula aurea, P. aureum, Tortula aurea
Name authority (Schultz) R. H. Zander: Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 32: 119. (1993)
Source Flora of North America vol. 27, p. 570.
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