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fine tooth penstemon, fine-tooth beardtongue, subserrate beardtongue

Habit Herbs.

ascending to erect, 20–80 cm, glabrous or retrorsely hairy, rarely sparsely glandular-pubescent, not glaucous.


basal and cauline, not leathery, glabrous or puberulent (especially on petiole and along major veins and margins);

basal and proximal cauline 30–120(–160) × 4–32 mm, blade ovate to elliptic, rarely spatulate, base tapered, margins serrate to serrulate or entire, apex obtuse to acute, rarely rounded;

cauline 2–6 pairs, sessile, 20–75 × 5–27 mm, blade lanceolate to oblong, base truncate to clasping, margins serrate to serrulate, sometimes entire, apex obtuse to acute or acuminate.


interrupted, cylindric to narrowly conic, 18–37 cm, axis moderately to densely glandular-pubescent, verticillasters 5–11, cymes 3–11-flowered, 2 per node;

proximal bracts ovate to lanceolate, 25–60 × 9–30 mm, margins serrate to serrulate, sometimes entire;

peduncles and pedicels ascending to erect, glandular-pubescent.


calyx lobes ovate to lanceolate, 3–5 × 1.4–2.5 mm, margins narrowly to broadly scarious, glandular-pubescent to densely glandular-pubescent;

corolla blue to violet or purple, with reddish purple nectar guides, funnelform, 12–18 mm, glandular-pubescent externally, moderately white-lanate internally abaxially, tube 4–5 mm, throat slightly inflated, 3–6 mm diam., 2-ridged abaxially;

stamens included, pollen sacs opposite, navicular to subexplanate, 0.7–1.1 mm, dehiscing completely, connective splitting, sides glabrous, sutures papillate;

staminode 8–10 mm, included, 0.3–0.5 mm diam., tip recurved, distal 2–3 mm sparsely to moderately pilose, hairs yellow or yellow-orange, to 1.5 mm;

style 8–11 mm.


4–5 × 3–4 mm, glabrous.


= 32.

Penstemon subserratus

Phenology Flowering May–Jul.
Habitat Open slopes in pine forests and pine-oak woodlands.
Elevation 30–1800 m. (100–5900 ft.)
from FNA
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]

Penstemon subserratus occurs along the eastern flank of the Cascade Range.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 17, p. 223.
Parent taxa Plantaginaceae > Penstemon > subg. Penstemon > sect. Penstemon
Sibling taxa
P. abietinus, P. absarokensis, P. acaulis, P. acuminatus, P. alamosensis, P. albertinus, P. albidus, P. albomarginatus, P. ambiguus, P. ammophilus, P. anguineus, P. angustifolius, P. arenarius, P. arenicola, P. aridus, P. arkansanus, P. attenuatus, P. atwoodii, P. auriberbis, P. australis, P. azureus, P. baccharifolius, P. barbatus, P. barnebyi, P. barrettiae, P. bicolor, P. bleaklyi, P. bracteatus, P. breviculus, P. brevisepalus, P. buckleyi, P. caesius, P. caespitosus, P. calcareus, P. californicus, P. calycosus, P. canescens, P. cardinalis, P. cardwellii, P. carnosus, P. caryi, P. centranthifolius, P. cinicola, P. clevelandii, P. clutei, P. cobaea, P. comarrhenus, P. compactus, P. concinnus, P. confertus, P. confusus, P. crandallii, P. cusickii, P. cyananthus, P. cyaneus, P. cyanocaulis, P. cyathophorus, P. dasyphyllus, P. davidsonii, P. deamii, P. deaveri, P. debilis, P. degeneri, P. deustus, P. digitalis, P. diphyllus, P. discolor, P. dissectus, P. distans, P. dolius, P. duchesnensis, P. eatonii, P. elegantulus, P. ellipticus, P. eriantherus, P. euglaucus, P. fendleri, P. filiformis, P. flavescens, P. floribundus, P. floridus, P. flowersii, P. franklinii, P. fremontii, P. fruticiformis, P. fruticosus, P. gairdneri, P. gibbensii, P. glaber, P. glandulosus, P. glaucinus, P. globosus, P. goodrichii, P. gormanii, P. gracilentus, P. gracilis, P. grahamii, P. grandiflorus, P. griffinii, P. grinnellii, P. guadalupensis, P. hallii, P. harbourii, P. harringtonii, P. havardii, P. haydenii, P. heterodoxus, P. heterophyllus, P. hirsutus, P. humilis, P. idahoensis, P. immanifestus, P. incertus, P. inflatus, P. jamesii, P. janishiae, P. kingii, P. kralii, P. labrosus, P. laetus, P. laevigatus, P. laevis, P. lanceolatus, P. laricifolius, P. laxiflorus, P. laxus, P. leiophyllus, P. lemhiensis, P. lentus, P. leonardii, P. linarioides, P. longiflorus, P. lyallii, P. marcusii, P. mensarum, P. metcalfei, P. miser, P. moffatii, P. monoensis, P. montanus, P. moriahensis, P. mucronatus, P. multiflorus, P. murrayanus, P. nanus, P. navajoa, P. neomexicanus, P. neotericus, P. newberryi, P. nitidus, P. nudiflorus, P. oklahomensis, P. oliganthus, P. ophianthus, P. osterhoutii, P. ovatus, P. pachyphyllus, P. pahutensis, P. pallidus, P. palmeri, P. papillatus, P. parryi, P. parvulus, P. parvus, P. patens, P. payettensis, P. paysoniorum, P. peckii, P. penlandii, P. pennellianus, P. perpulcher, P. personatus, P. petiolatus, P. pinifolius, P. pinorum, P. platyphyllus, P. pratensis, P. procerus, P. pruinosus, P. pseudoputus, P. pseudospectabilis, P. pudicus, P. pumilus, P. purpusii, P. putus, P. radicosus, P. rattanii, P. retrorsus, P. rhizomatosus, P. richardsonii, P. roezlii, P. rostriflorus, P. rubicundus, P. rupicola, P. rydbergii, P. saxosorum, P. scapoides, P. scariosus, P. secundiflorus, P. seorsus, P. sepalulus, P. serrulatus, P. smallii, P. spatulatus, P. speciosus, P. spectabilis, P. stenophyllus, P. stephensii, P. strictiformis, P. strictus, P. subglaber, P. subulatus, P. sudans, P. superbus, P. tenuiflorus, P. tenuis, P. teucrioides, P. thompsoniae, P. thurberi, P. tidestromii, P. tiehmii, P. tracyi, P. triflorus, P. triphyllus, P. tubaeflorus, P. uintahensis, P. utahensis, P. venustus, P. virens, P. virgatus, P. wardii, P. washingtonensis, P. watsonii, P. whippleanus, P. wilcoxii, P. wrightii, P. xylus, P. yampaënsis
Name authority Pennell: Notul. Nat. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 71: 13. (1941)
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