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rock rose, Texas swampmallow, Wright's pavonia


Habit Shrubs, 0.5–1 m. Subshrubs, 1–2 m.

densely to sparsely stellate-hairy, hairs to 0.5 mm.

minutely hairy to glabrate, hairs minute, recurved, often in well-defined longitudinal rows.


stipules subulate, 2–5 mm;

petiole 1/2–1 times length of blade;

blade slightly discolorous, ovate, 2–5 cm, slightly longer than wide, base cordate, margins coarsely dentate, apex acute, surfaces stellate-hairy.

stipules subulate to filiform, 5–10 mm;

petiole to 1/3 length of blade;

blade concolorous, ovate, 4–12 cm, base truncate to subcordate, margins irregularly dentate, apex acute, surfaces sparsely hairy to glabrate.


axillary solitary flowers.

axillary solitary flowers.


2–5 cm, usually subequal to petiole;

involucellar bractlets 5, alternate with calyx lobes, usually linear-lanceolate, 1–2 mm wide, shorter than to subequal to calyx, hirsute.

1–3 cm, somewhat longer than petiole;

involucellar bractlets 5–7, not alternate with calyx lobes, ligulate or slightly spatulate, 10–12 × 1 mm, subequal to calyx, ciliate.


calyx 9–12 mm, hirsute, lobes prominently 3–5-veined;

corolla rotate, petals lavender to pink, not auriculate, 15–25 mm;

staminal column usually declinate resulting in somewhat bilateral flower, with 5 apical teeth, glabrous;

stigmas included, usually villous.

calyx 8–11 mm, ciliate, hairs 1–2 mm;

petals yellow, auriculate, 20–25 mm;

staminal column with 5 apical teeth;

stigmas exserted.


tufted on hilum.

not tufted on hilum.


pallid, 8–9 mm diam., subglabrous;

mericarps pale brown, without spines, obscurely carinate dorsally, otherwise smoothly rounded, 3.5–4 mm.

pallid, 8–10 mm diam., rugose;

mericarps 3-spined, spines 6–7 mm, retrorsely barbed, central spine erect, lateral spines divergent.

Pavonia lasiopetala

Pavonia spinifex

Phenology Flowering summer–fall. Flowering probably year-round.
Habitat Open shrublands Forests, shrublands, savannahs
Elevation 500–1000 m [1600–3300 ft] 0–100 m [0–300 ft]

Pavonia lasiopetala has become a popular cultivated plant in Texas, where it is also native. It is also used as a component in seed mixtures for ranges and pastures.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Pavonia spinifex has been reported from elsewhere in the flora area; such reports generally are based on misidentifications of other species. The species may be native in Florida, but the fruits easily attach to clothing and fur and the species has been introduced widely; its native range is not known. In Florida, it is found in seven counties north of Lake Okeechobee, from Duval to Brevard and Highlands counties. It appears to be most frequent on shell middens on the coast north of Cape Canaveral.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

from FNA
TX; Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León)
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
from FNA
FL; West Indies [Introduced in Bermuda]
[BONAP county map]
Parent taxa Malvaceae > subfam. Malvoideae > Pavonia Malvaceae > subfam. Malvoideae > Pavonia
Sibling taxa
P. hastata, P. paludicola, P. spinifex
P. hastata, P. lasiopetala, P. paludicola
Synonyms P. wrightii Hibiscus spinifex, Malache spinifex
Name authority Scheele: Linnaea 21: 470. (1848) (Linnaeus) Cavanilles: Diss. 3: 133. (1787)
Source Flora of North America vol. 6, p. 306. Flora of North America vol. 6, p. 307.
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