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Dallis grass, sticky heads

arrocillo

Habit Plants perennial; cespitose, rhizomatous, rhizomes short (less than 1 cm), forming a knotty base. Plants perennial; cespitose or rhizomatous.
Culms

50-175 cm, erect;

nodes glabrous.

to 100 cm, erect;

nodes pubescent.

Sheaths

glabrous or pubescent, lower sheaths more frequently pubescent than the upper sheaths;

ligules 1.5-3.8 mm;

blades to 35 cm long, 2-16.5 mm wide, flat, mostly glabrous, adaxial surfaces with a few long hairs near the base.

pubescent;

ligules 0.2-0.5 mm;

blades 12-35 cm long, 10-24 mm wide, flat, scabrous, pubescent near the margins, margins usually undulate.

Panicles

terminal, with 2-7 racemosely arranged branches;

branches 1.5-12 cm, racemose, divergent;

branch axes 0.7-1.4 mm wide, winged, glabrous, margins scabrous, terminating in a spikelet.

terminal, with 18-50 racemosely arranged branches;

branches 0.8-8.9 cm, spreading to diverging, often arcuate;

branch axes 0.2-0.5 mm wide, narrowly winged, scabrous, terminating in a spikelet.

Spikelets

2.3-4 mm long, 1.7-2.5 mm wide, paired, appressed to the branch axes, ovate, tapering to an acute apex, stramineous (rarely purple).

1.1-1.3 mm long, 0.9-1 mm wide, paired, diverging from the branch axes, ovate, light brown to stramineous.

Caryopses

2-2.3 mm, white to brown.

0.7-0.8 mm, light brown.

Lower

glumes absent;

upper glumes and lower lemmas 5-7-veined, margins pilose;

upper florets stramineous.

glumes absent;

upper glumes and lower lemmas pubescent, 3-veined;

upper florets 1.1-1.3 mm, stramineous.

2n

= 20, 40, 50-63.

= 20, 40, 60.

Paspalum dilatatum

Paspalum paniculatum

Distribution
from FNA
AL; AR; AZ; CA; CO; DC; FL; GA; IL; KY; LA; MD; MO; MS; NC; NJ; NM; OK; OR; SC; TN; TX; VA; WV; HI; PR
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[BONAP county map]
from FNA
MS; HI; PR; Virgin Islands
[BONAP county map]
Discussion

Paspalum dilatatum is native to Brazil and Argentina. It is now well established in the Flora region, generally as a weed in waste places. It is also used as a turf grass.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Paspalum paniculatum is native from Mexico and the West Indies to Argentina. It is now established in Mississippi and southern Florida, growing in disturbed areas.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 25, p. 579. FNA vol. 25, p. 577.
Parent taxa Poaceae > subfam. Panicoideae > tribe Paniceae > Paspalum Poaceae > subfam. Panicoideae > tribe Paniceae > Paspalum
Sibling taxa
P. acuminatum, P. almum, P. bifidum, P. blodgettii, P. boscianum, P. caespitosum, P. conjugatum, P. conspersum, P. convexum, P. coryphaeum, P. dissectum, P. distichum, P. fimbriatum, P. floridanum, P. hartwegianum, P. intermedium, P. laeve, P. langei, P. laxum, P. lividum, P. malacophyllum, P. minus, P. modestum, P. monostachyum, P. nicorae, P. notatum, P. paniculatum, P. pleostachyum, P. plicatulum, P. praecox, P. pubiflorum, P. quadrifarium, P. racemosum, P. repens, P. scrobiculatum, P. setaceum, P. unispicatum, P. urvillei, P. vaginatum, P. virgatum, P. virletii, P. wrightii
P. acuminatum, P. almum, P. bifidum, P. blodgettii, P. boscianum, P. caespitosum, P. conjugatum, P. conspersum, P. convexum, P. coryphaeum, P. dilatatum, P. dissectum, P. distichum, P. fimbriatum, P. floridanum, P. hartwegianum, P. intermedium, P. laeve, P. langei, P. laxum, P. lividum, P. malacophyllum, P. minus, P. modestum, P. monostachyum, P. nicorae, P. notatum, P. pleostachyum, P. plicatulum, P. praecox, P. pubiflorum, P. quadrifarium, P. racemosum, P. repens, P. scrobiculatum, P. setaceum, P. unispicatum, P. urvillei, P. vaginatum, P. virgatum, P. virletii, P. wrightii
Name authority Poir. L.
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