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crowpoison, false garlic

Bulbs

globose to subglobose, to 1–1.5 cm diam.;

outer coats brown;

bulblets absent.

Leaves

1–4, sheaths enveloping neck of bulb, hyaline, subtruncate apically;

blade filiform or linear, to 30 cm × 1–4(–5) mm, margins entire.

Scape

solitary (rarely 2), terete, (10–)20–40 cm × 1–3 mm.

Umbel

mostly 3–6(–10)-flowered, often asymmetrical, 1–3 cm diam.;

bracts persistent, 2, 1–2 cm × 4–8 mm, base coherent, imbricate, margins scarious or hyaline, apex acuminate.

Flowers

not fragrant;

tepals whitish to cream, at least outer ones with red or purplish red midvein, elliptic, (8–)10–12(–15) × 3–4.5 mm, apex acute or acuminate;

filaments simple, adnate to tepals, 5–6 mm;

anthers yellow;

ovary crestless;

style persistent, equaling stamens;

stigma unlobed, 3/4 perianth;

pedicel erect, 1–2 cm, elongating as flowers develop, but often of several lengths even in fruit.

Capsules

subglobose or obovoid, 6–8 × 6–8 mm.

Seeds

4–7 per locule.

Nothoscordum bivalve

Phenology Flowering Mar–Dec.
Habitat Open woods, prairies, barrens
Elevation 0–1700 m [0–5600 ft]
Distribution
from FNA
AL; AR; AZ; FL; GA; IL; IN; KS; KY; LA; MO; MS; NC; NM; OH; OK; SC; TN; TX; VA; s to South America
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
Source FNA vol. 26, p. 277.
Parent taxa Liliaceae > Nothoscordum
Sibling taxa
N. gracile
Synonyms Ornithogalum bivalve, Allium bivalve, Allium striatum, N. striatum, N. texanum
Name authority (Linnaeus) Britton: in N. L. Britton and A. Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S. 1: 415. (1896)
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