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Boston swordfern, sword fern, wild Boston fern


scales spreading, concolored.


4–15 × 0.5–1.2 dm.


0.2–4 dm, sparsely to moderately scaly;

scales spreading, pale brown to reddish brown, concolored.


glabrous, sparsely to moderately scaly abaxially near costae and adaxially.


reniform to horseshoe-shaped, attached at narrow or broad sinus, 1–1.7 mm wide.




2.4–16.3 dm, points of pinna attachment 7.3–21 mm apart;

scales moderately spaced, pale to dark brown, essentially concolored or margin indistinctly paler;

hairs absent.


pinnae deltate-oblong, slightly to distinctly falcate, 2.3–7.4 × 0.6–1.8 cm, base truncate to truncate-auriculate or auriculate, occasionally overlapping rachis, acroscopic lobe deltate to acute, margins serrulate, apex acute to deltate;

costae adaxially glabrous.

Nephrolepis exaltata

Habitat Terrestrial or epiphytic in forested to open habitats, most often as an epiphyte
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
from FNA
FL; West Indies; Pacific Islands in scattered locations
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Nephrolepis exaltata is occasionally found farther north in the flora, but only as an escape from cultivation. Nephrolepis exaltata is usually confused with N. cordifolia when sterile; the latter species can be distinguished by its distinctly bicolored, adaxial rachis scales. These bicolored scales will distinguish N. cordifolia from all of the other species, even in the absence of other key features.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 2.
Parent taxa Dryopteridaceae > Nephrolepis
Sibling taxa
N. biserrata, N. cordifolia, N. multiflora, N. ×averyi
Synonyms Polypodium exaltatum
Name authority (Linnaeus) Schott: Gen. Fil. plate 3. (1834)
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