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Saddle Mountain saxifrage

Howell's saxifrage

large-petal saxifrage, razshivin's saxifrage

Habit Plants solitary or in clumps, short-rhizomatous. Plants solitary or in groups, with bulbils on caudices. Plants solitary or in clusters, rhizomatous.
Leaves

basal;

petiole often indistinct, flattened, 5–50 mm;

blade elliptic to obovate, 4–12 cm, slightly fleshy, base cuneate, margins serrate to dentate, densely ciliate, surfaces densely tangled-hairy.

basal;

petiole flattened, 1–4 cm;

blade oblong to narrowly ovate, 1–2(–3) cm, ± fleshy, base attenuate, margins sharply serrate, eciliate, surfaces sparsely tangled, reddish brown-hairy abaxially, glabrous adaxially.

basal;

petiole ± distinct to indistinct, flattened, (0.3–)0.5–3 cm;

blade oblanceolate to narrowly oblanceolate or narrowly spatulate, sometimes ± narrowly obovate, (0.5–)0.9–3.5 cm, ± fleshy, base ± attenuate to cuneate, margins (3–)5–7(–9)-toothed in distal 1/2 (teeth 0.5 mm), sparsely ciliate, surfaces glabrous.

Inflorescences

70+-flowered, open, lax, flat-topped thyrses, 15–35 cm, tangled, yellow-tipped stipitate-glandular.

5–10(–20)-flowered, very open, lax, ± flat-topped cymes or thyrses, 5–10(–20) cm, glabrate to sparsely purple-tipped stipitate-glandular; (bracts glabrous).

(2–)4–16-flowered, open, racemiform, sometimes paniculiform thyrses, sometimes solitary flowers, 3–15.5(–17 in fruit) cm, glabrous; (bracts reduced).

Flowers

sepals reflexed, elliptic to ovate;

petals white, not spotted, elliptic, clawed, 2–5 mm, longer than sepals;

filaments linear, flattened;

pistils connate to 1/2 their lengths;

ovary 1/2 inferior, appearing more superior in fruit.

sepals strongly reflexed, elliptic, (surfaces glabrous);

petals white, not spotted, obovate to elliptic, clawed, 2.5–4.5 mm, longer than sepals;

filaments linear, flattened;

pistils distinct almost to base;

ovary ± superior.

sepals reflexed, oblong or lanceolate to ovate;

petals white to cream, often purplish, not spotted, linear to ± narrowly elliptic, not clawed, 2–4 mm, usually longer to sometimes shorter than sepals;

filaments linear, flattened;

pistils connate 1/2+ their lengths, (conic);

ovary ± 1/2 inferior.

Capsules

greenish to reddish purple, folliclelike.

purple, valvate.

dark purple-black, valvate.

2n

= 76.

Micranthes hitchcockiana

Micranthes howellii

Micranthes razshivinii

Phenology Flowering late spring–summer. Flowering early spring–early summer. Flowering summer.
Habitat Wet rocks and ledges on mountain-top balds Wet, rocky ledges and crevices Tundra, stream banks, alpine rocky slopes
Elevation 600-1100 m [2000-3600 ft] 0-900 m [0-3000 ft] 400-2000 m [1300-6600 ft]
Discussion

Of conservation concern.

Micranthes hitchcockiana may have originated from hybridization between M. rufidula and M. oregana (P. E. Elvander 1984; W. E. Perkins 1978).

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Micranthes razshivinii is found in eastern Alaska (eastern Brooks Range, from Atigun Pass eastward and from Mount McKinley National Park eastward) into Yukon and in the Mackenzie and Richardson mountains in the Northwest Territories. Its leaves are generally narrower than those of M. calycina and the teeth are less numerous. The glabrous inflorescence branches of M. razshivinii readily distinguish it from M. calycina, which has hairy branches. The ranges of the two species may overlap or at least abut in the Atigun Pass area of the Brooks Range, in the Mount McKinley National Park area, and possibly in the Saint Elias Mountains. Hybrids would be very difficult to distinguish from the parents but may occur. They have not been observed in the material examined. Plants of this species sometimes have been misidentified as M. davurica (Willdenow) Small, a species restricted to eastern Siberia.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Distribution
from FNA
OR
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
from FNA
CA; OR
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
from FNA
AK; NT; YT
[BONAP county map]
Parent taxa Saxifragaceae > Micranthes Saxifragaceae > Micranthes Saxifragaceae > Micranthes
Sibling taxa
M. apetala, M. aprica, M. bryophora, M. californica, M. calycina, M. careyana, M. caroliniana, M. eriophora, M. ferruginea, M. foliolosa, M. fragosa, M. gaspensis, M. gormanii, M. hieraciifolia, M. howellii, M. idahoensis, M. integrifolia, M. lyallii, M. marshallii, M. micranthidifolia, M. nelsoniana, M. nidifica, M. nivalis, M. nudicaulis, M. occidentalis, M. odontoloma, M. oregana, M. palmeri, M. pensylvanica, M. petiolaris, M. razshivinii, M. reflexa, M. rhomboidea, M. rufidula, M. spicata, M. stellaris, M. subapetala, M. tempestiva, M. tenuis, M. texana, M. tischii, M. tolmiei, M. unalaschcensis, M. virginiensis
M. apetala, M. aprica, M. bryophora, M. californica, M. calycina, M. careyana, M. caroliniana, M. eriophora, M. ferruginea, M. foliolosa, M. fragosa, M. gaspensis, M. gormanii, M. hieraciifolia, M. hitchcockiana, M. idahoensis, M. integrifolia, M. lyallii, M. marshallii, M. micranthidifolia, M. nelsoniana, M. nidifica, M. nivalis, M. nudicaulis, M. occidentalis, M. odontoloma, M. oregana, M. palmeri, M. pensylvanica, M. petiolaris, M. razshivinii, M. reflexa, M. rhomboidea, M. rufidula, M. spicata, M. stellaris, M. subapetala, M. tempestiva, M. tenuis, M. texana, M. tischii, M. tolmiei, M. unalaschcensis, M. virginiensis
M. apetala, M. aprica, M. bryophora, M. californica, M. calycina, M. careyana, M. caroliniana, M. eriophora, M. ferruginea, M. foliolosa, M. fragosa, M. gaspensis, M. gormanii, M. hieraciifolia, M. hitchcockiana, M. howellii, M. idahoensis, M. integrifolia, M. lyallii, M. marshallii, M. micranthidifolia, M. nelsoniana, M. nidifica, M. nivalis, M. nudicaulis, M. occidentalis, M. odontoloma, M. oregana, M. palmeri, M. pensylvanica, M. petiolaris, M. reflexa, M. rhomboidea, M. rufidula, M. spicata, M. stellaris, M. subapetala, M. tempestiva, M. tenuis, M. texana, M. tischii, M. tolmiei, M. unalaschcensis, M. virginiensis
Synonyms Saxifraga hitchcockiana Saxifraga howellii Saxifraga razshivinii
Name authority (Elvander) Brouillet & Gornall: Novon 18: 138. 2008 , (Greene) Small: in N. L. Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 22: 140. (1905) (Zhmylev) Brouillet & Gornall: J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1021. (2007)
Source Flora of North America vol. 8, p. 70. Flora of North America vol. 8, p. 63. Flora of North America vol. 8, p. 59.
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