The green links below add additional plants to the comparison table. Blue links lead to other Web sites.
enable glossary links

Saddle Mountain saxifrage

leafy stem saxifrage, naked-bulbil small-flower-saxifrage

Habit Plants solitary or in clumps, short-rhizomatous. Plants solitary or in clusters, rhizomatous. Plants solitary or tufted, with bulbils on caudices. Plants solitary or tufted, with bulbils on caudices or rhizomatous.
Leaves

basal;

petiole often indistinct, flattened, 5–50 mm;

blade elliptic to obovate, 4–12 cm, slightly fleshy, base cuneate, margins serrate to dentate, densely ciliate, surfaces densely tangled-hairy.

basal;

petiole ± distinct, flattened, (0.5–)1–3.5 cm;

blade rhombic or fan-shaped, sometimes nearly round, (1–)1.5–3.5 cm, ± fleshy, base attenuate to ± cuneate, margins 7–11-toothed in distal 1/2–2/3 (teeth 1–3 mm), sparsely ciliate, surfaces glabrous.

basal;

petiole ± absent;

blade oblanceolate, 6–15(–30) cm, ± fleshy, base cuneate, margins subentire, sometimes 1–3-toothed distally, eciliate or sparsely ciliate, surfaces glabrate.

basal;

petiole flattened, 1–2 cm;

blade broadly obovate to round, 1–3.5 cm, ± fleshy, base cuneate, margins distally toothed, sparsely ciliate, surfaces glabrous.

Inflorescences

70+-flowered, open, lax, flat-topped thyrses, 15–35 cm, tangled, yellow-tipped stipitate-glandular.

3–15-flowered, usually racemiform, sometimes paniculiform thyrses, 3–15 cm, axis glabrous or sparsely long-hairy, branches ± densely (rarely sparsely) long tangled-hairy; (bracts reduced).

2(–5+)-flowered, (proximal flowers replaced by bulbils), narrow, branched, sometimes ± open, cylindric thyrses, sometimes solitary flowers, 5–15 cm, glabrous or sparsely purple-tipped stipitate-glandular. (Pedicels erect to ascending.) Flowers: sepals reflexed, lanceolate;

petals white, each with 1–2 basal yellow spots, lanceolate, clawed, 3–8 mm, longer than sepals;

filaments linear, flattened;

pistils connate 1/2+ their lengths;

ovary superior, (to 1/3 adnate to hypanthium).

2–10-flowered, open thyrses, racemiform distally, sometimes solitary flowers, 3–15 cm, tangled-hairy.

Flowers

sepals reflexed, elliptic to ovate;

petals white, not spotted, elliptic, clawed, 2–5 mm, longer than sepals;

filaments linear, flattened;

pistils connate to 1/2 their lengths;

ovary 1/2 inferior, appearing more superior in fruit.

sepals reflexed, lanceolate to ovate;

petals white to cream, sometimes purplish, not spotted, linear to narrowly elliptic, not clawed, 2–4 mm, longer than sepals;

filaments linear, flattened;

pistils connate 1/2+ their lengths, (conic);

ovary ± 1/2 inferior.

sepals reflexed, ovate;

petals white to cream or pinkish, not spotted, elliptic to oblong, ± clawed, 3.5–5 mm, longer than sepals;

filaments linear, flattened;

pistils connate 1/2+ their lengths;

ovary at least 1/2 inferior.

Capsules

greenish to reddish purple, folliclelike.

purple-black, valvate.

green to purplish, valvate.

dark purple, valvate.

2n

= 76.

= 24.

= 56.

Micranthes hitchcockiana

Micranthes calycina

Micranthes foliolosa

Micranthes unalaschcensis

Phenology Flowering late spring–summer. Flowering summer. Flowering late summer. Flowering summer.
Habitat Wet rocks and ledges on mountain-top balds Flushes, stream banks, tundra, around late snowbeds, screes Mossy tundra near streams and flushes, wet, rocky slopes, snowbeds Tundra, flushes, stream banks, slopes
Elevation 600-1100 m [2000-3600 ft] (0-)30-1700 m [(0-)100-5600 ft] 0-1800 m [0-5900 ft] 0-600 m [0-2000 ft]
Distribution
from FNA
OR
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
from FNA
AK; e Asia (Russian Far East)
[BONAP county map]
from FNA
AK; CO; ME; NL; NT; NU; QC; YT; Greenland; n Europe; n Asia
[BONAP county map]
from FNA
AK; e Asia (Russian Far East)
[BONAP county map]
Discussion

Of conservation concern.

Micranthes hitchcockiana may have originated from hybridization between M. rufidula and M. oregana (P. E. Elvander 1984; W. E. Perkins 1978).

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Micranthes calycina is found mostly in western Alaska, in the north from the Seward Peninsula to the Brooks Range west of Atigun Pass, and in the south from Unimak Island and the Ahklum Mountains to the Saint Elias Mountains. It is also present on the main Bering Sea islands, but apparently not on the Aleutians west of Unimak. Plants of this species sometimes have been misidentified as M. davurica (Willdenow) Small, a species restricted to eastern Siberia.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

The ovaries and capsules of Micranthes unalaschensis are ovoid, thicker and plumper than those of M. calycina and M. razshivinii, which are conic (E. Hultén 1968).

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 8, p. 70. FNA vol. 8, p. 59. FNA vol. 8, p. 57. FNA vol. 8, p. 60.
Parent taxa Saxifragaceae > Micranthes Saxifragaceae > Micranthes Saxifragaceae > Micranthes Saxifragaceae > Micranthes
Sibling taxa
M. apetala, M. aprica, M. bryophora, M. californica, M. calycina, M. careyana, M. caroliniana, M. eriophora, M. ferruginea, M. foliolosa, M. fragosa, M. gaspensis, M. gormanii, M. hieraciifolia, M. howellii, M. idahoensis, M. integrifolia, M. lyallii, M. marshallii, M. micranthidifolia, M. nelsoniana, M. nidifica, M. nivalis, M. nudicaulis, M. occidentalis, M. odontoloma, M. oregana, M. palmeri, M. pensylvanica, M. petiolaris, M. razshivinii, M. reflexa, M. rhomboidea, M. rufidula, M. spicata, M. stellaris, M. subapetala, M. tempestiva, M. tenuis, M. texana, M. tischii, M. tolmiei, M. unalaschcensis, M. virginiensis
M. apetala, M. aprica, M. bryophora, M. californica, M. careyana, M. caroliniana, M. eriophora, M. ferruginea, M. foliolosa, M. fragosa, M. gaspensis, M. gormanii, M. hieraciifolia, M. hitchcockiana, M. howellii, M. idahoensis, M. integrifolia, M. lyallii, M. marshallii, M. micranthidifolia, M. nelsoniana, M. nidifica, M. nivalis, M. nudicaulis, M. occidentalis, M. odontoloma, M. oregana, M. palmeri, M. pensylvanica, M. petiolaris, M. razshivinii, M. reflexa, M. rhomboidea, M. rufidula, M. spicata, M. stellaris, M. subapetala, M. tempestiva, M. tenuis, M. texana, M. tischii, M. tolmiei, M. unalaschcensis, M. virginiensis
M. apetala, M. aprica, M. bryophora, M. californica, M. calycina, M. careyana, M. caroliniana, M. eriophora, M. ferruginea, M. fragosa, M. gaspensis, M. gormanii, M. hieraciifolia, M. hitchcockiana, M. howellii, M. idahoensis, M. integrifolia, M. lyallii, M. marshallii, M. micranthidifolia, M. nelsoniana, M. nidifica, M. nivalis, M. nudicaulis, M. occidentalis, M. odontoloma, M. oregana, M. palmeri, M. pensylvanica, M. petiolaris, M. razshivinii, M. reflexa, M. rhomboidea, M. rufidula, M. spicata, M. stellaris, M. subapetala, M. tempestiva, M. tenuis, M. texana, M. tischii, M. tolmiei, M. unalaschcensis, M. virginiensis
M. apetala, M. aprica, M. bryophora, M. californica, M. calycina, M. careyana, M. caroliniana, M. eriophora, M. ferruginea, M. foliolosa, M. fragosa, M. gaspensis, M. gormanii, M. hieraciifolia, M. hitchcockiana, M. howellii, M. idahoensis, M. integrifolia, M. lyallii, M. marshallii, M. micranthidifolia, M. nelsoniana, M. nidifica, M. nivalis, M. nudicaulis, M. occidentalis, M. odontoloma, M. oregana, M. palmeri, M. pensylvanica, M. petiolaris, M. razshivinii, M. reflexa, M. rhomboidea, M. rufidula, M. spicata, M. stellaris, M. subapetala, M. tempestiva, M. tenuis, M. texana, M. tischii, M. tolmiei, M. virginiensis
Synonyms Saxifraga hitchcockiana Saxifraga calycina, Saxifraga davurica subsp. grandipetala, Saxifraga davurica var. grandipetala Saxifraga foliolosa, Saxifraga foliolosa var. multiflora, Saxifraga stellaris subsp. comosa, Saxifraga stellaris var. comosa Saxifraga unalaschensis, Saxifraga calycina subsp. unalaschensis, Saxifraga davurica var. unalaschensis
Name authority (Elvander) Brouillet & Gornall: Novon 18: 138. 2008 , (Sternberg) Gornall & H. Ohba: J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1020. (2007) (R. Brown) Gornall: J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1020. 2007 , (Sternberg) Gornall & H. Ohba: J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1022. (2007)
Web links