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arrayan, temu


Habit Shrubs or trees to 10 m; trunk smooth, often appearing somewhat twisted; bark grayish or bright orangish brown, often with lighter spots; young twigs puberulent to villous. Shrubs or small trees, glabrous or pubescent, hairs simple.

blade elliptic to suborbiculate, 1–4.5 ×0.5–3.5 cm, base cuneate to rounded, apex apiculate to abruptly acuminate.


blade venation brochidodromous.


1 or 3-flowered, axillary, solitary flowers or dichasia.


5–30 mm.


calyx open, lobes persistent, 2–3(–4) mm;

petals 3–5 mm.

4-merous, sessile or pedicellate;

hypanthium obconic to campanulate;

calyx green, lobes distinct;

petals white;

stamens 170–300;

ovary 2-locular;

ovules 6–14 per locule.


berries, dark purple, subglobose, crowned by calyx lobes.


to ca. 10 mm.


3–6 mm.

1–16, lenticular;

seed coat membranous;

embryo lenticular;

cotyledons suborbicular, separate, thinly plano-convex;

hypocotyls cylindrical, about as long as cotyledons.

Luma apiculata


Phenology Flowering mainly late summer; fruiting fall.
Habitat Dis­turbed areas.
Elevation 0–20 m. (0–100 ft.)
from FNA
CA; South America (sw Argentina, s Chile) [Introduced in North America]
[BONAP county map]
South America (Argentina, Chile, Peru) [Introduced, California; introduced also in temperate regions]
[BONAP county map]

In the flora area, Luma apiculata is known mainly from near San Francisco.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Species 2 (1 in the flora).

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 10. FNA vol. 10.
Parent taxa Myrtaceae > Luma Myrtaceae
Subordinate taxa
L. apiculata
Synonyms Eugenia apiculata, Myrceugenella apiculata
Name authority (de Candolle) Burret: Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 15: 523. (1941) A. Gray: Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 52. (1853)
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