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fiberoptic grass, low bulrush, low clubrush, low lateral clubrush, tuft clubrush

Habit Plants annual (or perennial?); rhizomes usually obscured by culm bases and very short, sometimes vertical and elongated.
Culms

4–40 cm × 0.2–0.5 mm.

Leaves

sometimes sparsely orange-punctate at 10–15X;

sheaths usually reddish proximally;

distal blade rudimentary to much longer than sheath, often exceeding culm, to 20 cm × 0.2–1 mm.

Inflorescences

involucral bract 1, sometimes subtending flower or resembling enlarged floral scale, 2–6(–23) mm.

Spikelets

2–5 × 1–2 mm;

scales partly or completely dark orange to red-brown, rarely stramineous, midrib greenish to stramineous, not gibbous, obscurely to prominently 3–11-veined, midrib keeled near apex, membranous, hyaline, apex rounded to acute, with mucro less than 0.1 mm;

proximal scale to 2 mm;

other scales 1.2–1.8 × 1–1.3 mm.

Flowers

anthers 0.3–0.6 mm;

styles 3-fid or 3-fid and 2-fid.

Achenes

falling separately from scales, medium to dark brown or stramineous, ellipsoid to obovoid, compressed-trigonous to thickly biconvex, lateral angles usually prominent, abaxial angle prominent to obscure, faces convex or adaxial face slightly concave, 0.8–1 × 0.5–0.7 mm, distinctly papillose at 10–15X to obscurely papillose at 40X, often with thin whitish surface layer.

2n

= 30.

Isolepis cernua

Phenology Fruiting late spring–winter (Pacific Coast), winter–spring (Texas).
Habitat Wet, freshwater to brackish places on beaches, dunes, marine bluffs, sandy areas, mostly coastal
Elevation 0–800 m [0–2600 ft]
Discussion

Isolepis cernua is widespread and variable. Four varieties were recognized by A. M. Muasya and D. M. Simpson (2002). Only var. ceruna is known from North America. The earliest collection I have seen from the Pacific Coast is from 1888; the earliest collection I have seen from Texas is from 1974.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Distribution
from FNA
CA; OR; TX; WA; BC; Mexico (Baja California); temperate South America; Eurasia; Africa; Australia; New Zealand
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Parent taxa Cyperaceae > Isolepis
Sibling taxa
I. carinata, I. pseudosetacea, I. setacea
Synonyms Scirpus cernuus, Scirpus cernuus var. californicus, Scirpus cernuus subsp. californicus
Name authority (Vahl) Roemer & Schultes: in J. J. Roemer et al., Syst. Veg. 2: 106. (1817)
Source Flora of North America vol. 23, p. 139.
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