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common sunflower, hairy leaf sunflower, sunflower

sunflower, tournesol

Habit Annuals, 100–300 cm. Annuals or perennials, (5–)20–300(–500) cm.

erect, usually hispid.

erect or ascending to decumbent or procumbent, usually branched distally.


mostly cauline; mostly alternate;

petioles 2–20 cm;

blades lance-ovate to ovate, 10–40 × 5–40 cm, bases cuneate to subcordate or cordate, margins serrate, abaxial faces usually ± hispid, sometimes gland-dotted.

basal and/or cauline; opposite, or opposite (proximal) and alternate, or alternate; petiolate or sessile;

blades usually 3-nerved (1-nerved in H. eggertii, H. smithii, and H. maximiliani), mostly deltate, lance-linear, lanceolate, lance-ovate, linear, or ovate, bases cordate to narrowly cuneate, margins usually entire or serrate, rarely lobed, faces glabrous or hairy, often gland-dotted.


2–20 cm.


hemispheric or broader, 15–40(–200+) mm diam.

usually ± hemispheric, sometimes campanulate or cylindric, 5–40+(–200+ in cultivars) mm diam.


flat to slightly convex (conic in H. porteri), paleate (paleae ± conduplicate, usually rectangular-oblong, usually ± 3-toothed, sometimes entire, apices sometimes reddish or purplish).

Ray florets


laminae 25–50 mm.

usually 5–30+(–100+ in cultivars), rarely 0, neuter;

corollas usually yellow.

Disc florets


corollas 5–8 mm (throats ± bulbous at bases), lobes usually reddish, sometimes yellow;

anthers brownish to black, appendages yellow or dark (style branches yellow).

(15–)30–150+(–1000+ in cultivars), bisexual, fertile;

corollas yellow or reddish (at least distally), tubes shorter than campanulate throats, lobes 5, triangular (style branches slender, appendages ± attenuate).


20–30(–100+), ovate to lance-ovate, 13–25 × (3–)5–8 mm, (margins usually ciliate) apices abruptly narrowed, long-acuminate, abaxial faces usually hirsute to hispid, rarely glabrate or glabrous, usually gland-dotted.

persistent, 11–40(–100+ in cultivars) in 2–3+ series (subequal to unequal).



usually radiate (sometimes discoid in H. radula), borne singly or in ± corymbiform, paniculiform, or spiciform arrays.


(3–)4–5(–15) mm, glabrate;

pappi of 2 lanceolate scales 2–3.5 mm plus 0–4 obtuse scales 0.5–1 mm.

(usually purplish black, sometimes mottled) ± obpyramidal, ± compressed (glabrous, glabrate, or ± hairy);

pappi 0 (H. porteri), or readily falling, of 2(–3) usually lanceolate, aristate, or erose scales (at the 2 principal angles, 1–5 mm) plus 0–8 usually shorter scales (0.2–2 mm).


9–11 mm, 3-toothed (middle teeth long-acuminate, glabrous or hispid).


= 17.


= 34.

Helianthus annuus


Phenology Flowering summer–fall.
Habitat Open areas
Elevation 0–3000 m (0–9800 ft)
from FNA
AL; AR; AZ; CA; CO; CT; DC; DE; FL; GA; IA; ID; IL; IN; KS; KY; LA; MA; MD; ME; MI; MN; MO; MS; MT; NC; ND; NE; NH; NJ; NM; NV; NY; OH; OK; OR; PA; RI; SC; SD; TN; TX; UT; VA; VT; WA; WI; WV; WY; AB; BC; MB; NB; NS; NT; ON; PE; QC; SK; SPM; Mexico; intoduced nearly worldwide
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
from USDA
North America; Mexico [Introduced in the Old World]
[BONAP county map]

Helianthus annuus is widely distributed, including weedy, cultivated, and escaped plants. It is the only native North American species to become a major agronomic crop. Despite its considerable variability, attempts have failed to produce a widely adopted infraspecific system of classification. Forms with red-colored ray laminae, known from cultivation and occasionally seen escaped, trace their ancestry to a single original mutant plant. It hybridizes with many of the other annual species.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Species 52, including 1 hybrid (52 in the flora).

The identification of sunflower species has long been problematic. C. B. Heiser et al. (1969) felt that the greatest contribution of their sustained efforts to understand sunflower taxonomy was not providing an easy way to identify sunflowers but rather an explanation for why they are so difficult. Taxonomic difficulties are based on a combination of factors, notably developmental and ecologic plasticity, the frequency of interspecific hybridization, and the presence of polyploidy. L. H. Rieseberg (1991) and Rieseberg et al. (1988, 1990) have subsequently documented the presence of species of homoploid hybrid origin to add to the complexity. The keys in this treatment have been modified somewhat with observations of features that require microscopic observation, such as the distribution of glands (sometimes referred to as “resin dots”) and the color of anther appendages; they still are based heavily on those of Heiser et al. There will still be specimens, of hybrid origin or growing in unusual conditions or incompletely collected, that defy certain placement into a single species. The taxonomic rank of certain taxa is also problematic, and for the most part the treatment of Heiser et al. has been followed, with relatively few exceptions. With the exception of Helianthus ×laetiflorus, which is widespread and commonly encountered away from either parental species, hybrids are not treated as separate entities. Helianthus verticillatus has been verified as a distinct entity, unlikely to be simply a hybrid. Whether H. praetermissus E. Watson, which continues to be known only from a single fragmentary specimen, represents a distinct species or an anomalous collection is still uncertain; it has not been included here.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

1. Annuals; paleae 3.5–4.6 mm, apices entire (1-toothed); disc corollas 2.8–3.5 mm; pappi 0
H. porteri
1. Annuals or perennials; paleae 5+ mm, apices usually 3-toothed, sometimes subentire or entire; disc corollas (3–)3.5–8.5 mm; pappi (readily falling) of 2(–3+) scales
→ 2
2. Annuals (taprooted; disc corolla lobes reddish and style branches yellow); paleae entire or weakly 3-toothed (apices purplish, abaxial faces glabrous); cypselae glabrous (usually ± tuberculate)
H. agrestis
2. Annuals (taprooted; if disc corolla lobes reddish, style branches also reddish), or perennials (often rhizomatous or with crown buds, sometimes taprooted); paleae entire or ± 3-toothed (apices purplish, greenish, or yellow-brown, abaxial faces glabrous or hairy); cypselae glabrous or hairy (not tuberculate)
→ 3
3. Annuals or perennials (taprooted); leaves mostly alternate, petiolate (petiole lengths at least 1/5 blades); paleae (at least central ones) either bearded (with apical tufts of whitish hairs) or prominently 3-toothed (middle teeth relatively narrow, lengths 4 or more times width); disc corolla lobes and style branches usually reddish (rarely yellow in H. annuus and H. debilis)
→ 4
3. Perennials (rhizomatous or with crown buds); leaves opposite or alternate, petiolate or sessile; paleae (at least central) glabrous or ± hispid to puberulent (not bearded) and entire or relatively weakly 3-toothed (if 3-toothed, lengths of middle teeth usually less than 4 times widths); disc corolla lobes yellow or reddish (if reddish, style branches yellow)
→ 17
4. Plants 100–300 cm; leaf blades (at least larger) 10–40 cm wide, abaxial faces gland-dotted; phyllaries ovate to lance-ovate (larger usually 5–8 mm wide), apices narrowed abruptly (acute to acuminate)
→ 5
4. Plants mostly 25–200 cm; leaf blades (larger) usually less than 12 cm wide (bases cuneate, truncate, or cordate), abaxial faces sometimes gland-dotted; phyllaries usually lanceolate to lance-ovate (usually less than 4 mm, sometimes to 5 mm, wide), apices narrowed gradually
→ 6
5. Stems (leaves, phyllaries) hispid; leaf margins usually serrate
H. annuus
5. Stems (leaves, phyllaries) densely silvery white tomentose or floccose; leaf margins usually entire, sometimes serrulate
H. argophyllus
6. Palea apices (at least central paleae) bearded (with tufts of whitish hairs)
→ 7
6. Paleae apices glabrous or puberulent to hispid (not bearded)
→ 10
7. Stems (leaves, phyllaries) densely canescent
H. petiolaris
7. Stems (leaves, phyllaries) strigillose to hispid
→ 8
8. Leaf blades usually deltate-lanceolate to lanceolate (lengths of larger usually 2+ times widths), bases truncate to cuneate; phyllaryapices relatively short-attenuate
H. petiolaris
8. Leaf blades usually lanceolate to deltate-ovate or ovate (lengths of larger usually less than 2 times widths), bases truncate to cordate; phyllary apices relatively short- to long-attenuate
→ 9
9. Stems hispid; leaf margins subentire to serrulate; phyllary api-ces relatively long-attenuate (surpassing discs)
H. neglectus
9. Stems hispid to hirsute; leaf margins serrate to serrulate; phyllary apices relatively short-attenuate (scarcely surpassing discs)
H. praecox
10. Leaves abaxially gland-dotted; phyllaries hirsute (paleae: middle teeth notably surpassing, often arching over discs)
→ 11
10. Leaves sometimes abaxially gland-dotted; phyllaries hairy or glabrous (paleae: middle teeth equaling or slightly surpassing discs)
→ 12
11. Leaf blades ovate to lance-ovate, usually serrate (discs, at leastlarger heads, 2+ cm diam.); cypselae 3.5–4.5 mm
H. bolanderi
11. Leaf blades lance-linear to lance-ovate, usually entire or subentire(discs usually less than 2 cm diam.); cypselae 2.7–3.5 mm
H. exilis
12. Phyllaries densely white-canescent
H. niveus
12. Phyllaries glabrous or sparsely hispid to hispidulous
→ 13
13. Leaf blades (at least proximal) usually ovate or deltate, bases usually cordate to truncate (sometimes widely cuneate in H. debilis subsp. debilis); cypselae 2.5–3 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy
→ 14
13. Leaf blades lanceolate to lance-ovate, bases cuneate; cypselae 3–9 mm, glabrous or villous to pilose
→ 15
14. Leaf blades deltate-ovate, lance-ovate, or ovate (not constricted near middles, gradually tapering to apices); phyllaries 8–17 × 1–3 mm, apices acute to relatively long-acuminate
H. debilis
14. Leaf blades deltate to ovate (sometimes constricted near middles); phyllaries 9–15 × 2–4 mm, apices relatively short-acuminate to short-attenuate
H. praecox
15. Phyllaries 17–33 mm (greatly surpassing discs, margins notably ciliate); cypselae 4.6–9 mm
H. anomalus
15. Phyllaries 6–19 mm (equaling or slightly surpassing discs, margins not notably ciliate); cypselae 3–5 mm
→ 16
16. Stems densely hispid; cypselae 4–5 mm, pilose; pappi usually of 2 linear scales 1.6–2.5 mm plus 2–4 linear or ovate scales 05.1–1 mm
H. deserticola
16. Stems glabrate or ± hispid; cypselae 3–4 mm, glabrous; pappi usually of 2 lanceolate scales 2.5–2.9 mm
H. paradoxus
17. Leaves (at flowering) mostly or all basal (cauline leaves abruptly smaller)
→ 18
17. Leaves (at flowering) mostly cauline (not abruptly smaller distally)
→ 25
18. Ray florets 0 or 2–8, laminae 1–2(–10) mm (inconspicuous, often tinged reddish)
H. radula
18. Ray florets 8–13(–25), laminae (7–)10–40 mm (yellow)
→ 19
19. Stems (and leaves) usually glabrous; disc corolla lobes yellow
→ 20
19. Stems (and leaves) usually hispid or hirsute to scabrous; disc corolla lobes yellow or reddish
→ 21
20. Heads usually borne singly; phyllaries 8–16 × 3–5 mm
H. carnosus
20. Heads 3–12; phyllaries 5–11 × 1–2.5 mm
H. longifolius
21. Phyllaries lanceolate (the larger 1.5–2.5 mm wide); abaxial faces of leaves (and usually ray laminae) notably gland-dotted; disc co rolla lobes yellow; cypselae 3–5 mm
H. occidentalis
21. Phyllaries lanceolate to ovate (the larger 3+ mm wide); abaxial faces usually not gland-dotted (if gland-dotted, cypselae 5–6 mm); disc corolla lobes reddish or yellow
→ 22
22. Leaves mostly basal (cauline relatively few, narrowly lanceolate to linear); phyllary apices acute to accuminate
H. heterophyllus
22. Leaves mostly basal or basal and cauline (at least proximal 1–2 cauline pairs well developed, mostly lanceolate, rhombic-ovate, or ovate, similar to basal leaves); phyllary apices usually obtuse to acute, sometimes mucronate
→ 23
23. Perennials (rhizomatous); leaf blades lance-linear, lance-ovate, oblong-lanceolate, or rhombic-ovate, bases cuneate (onto winged petioles); cypselae 5–6 mm
H. pauciflorus
23. Perennials (with crown buds); leaf blades broadly lanceolate, ovate, or suborbiculate, bases cuneate, rounded, or truncate (usually abruptly contracted onto winged petioles); cypselae 2.8–4 mm
→ 24
24. Leaves (at least basal) lanceolate to ovate (hairs on abaxial midribs 1+ mm); cauline leaves to 8 pairs proximal to heads; nonflowering stems usually absent
H. atrorubens
24. Leaves (at least basal) ovate to suborbiculate (hairs on abaxial midribs to 1 mm); cauline leaves 9+ pairs proximal to heads; nonflowering stems usually present
H. silphioides
25. Disc corolla lobes reddish(at least at tips)
→ 26
25. Disc corolla lobes yellow
→ 35
26. Leaf blades lanceolate, lance-linear, or linear (lengths usually 10+ times widths)
→ 27
26. Leaf blades deltate, deltate-ovate, lanceolate, lance-ovate, or linear (lengths seldom more than 5 times widths)
→ 29
27. Stems glabrous (glaucous); leaf margins entire (flat)
H. salicifolius
27. Stems usually hairy; leaf margins entire (± revolute)
→ 28
28. Plants 50–150 cm (rhizomes absent or poorly developed); leaves 8–15 × 0.15–0.5(–1) cm
H. angustifolius
28. Plants 150–260 cm (rhizomes well developed); leaves 9–22 × 0.7–4 cm
H. simulans
29. Leaves sessile or nearly so, margins often irregularly toothed or lobed; ray laminae 8–11 mm
→ 30
29. Leaves petiolate to subsessile, margins entire or serrate; ray laminae 15–37 mm
→ 31
30. Plants 50–120 cm; stems glabrate to strigose or hispid; leaves (green orgrayish, not bluish green) hispid
H. laciniatus
30. Plants 40–70 cm; stems glabrous or glabrate (glaucous); leaves (often bluish green) glabrous or glabrate (glaucous)
H. ciliaris
31. Phyllaries oblong, oblong-lanceolate, obovate, or ovate, 3–5 mm wide
→ 32
31. Phyllaries lanceolate, 1.5–3 mm wide
→ 34
32. Leaf blades usually broadly ovate to orbiculate, abaxial faces not gland-dotted
H. silphioides
32. Leaf blades lance-linear, lanceolate, lance-ovate, oblong-lanceolate, or rhombic-ovate, abaxial faces usually gland-dotted
→ 33
33. Phyllaries ovate, apices acute, abaxial faces glabrate to hispid
H. pauciflorus
33. Phyllaries oblong-lanceolate, apices acuminate, abaxial faces usually hairy
H. ×laetiflorus
34. Stems (usually reddish or purplish) hairy; leaves all or mostly opposite; disc corollas 5–6 mm (anthers reddish brown, appendages yellow ordull orange); cypselae 3–4 mm
H. gracilentus
34. Stems (usually green) hairy; leaves usually opposite or alternate, rarely whorled; disc corollas 4–5 mm (anthers dark brown or black, append-ages dark); cypselae 2.5–3 mm
H. floridanus
35. Phyllaries ovate to lanceolate, (3–)5–8 mm wide, apices abruptly attenuate (disc corollathroats notably bulbous at bases)
H. annuus
35. Phyllaries linear to lanceolate or lance-ovate, usually 2–4 mm wide, apices gradually narrowed (disc corolla throats not notably bulbous at bases)
→ 36
36. Stems glabrous or glabrate (at least proximal to arrays of heads, sometimes glaucous)
→ 37
36. Stems hairy (± throughout, not glaucous)
→ 53
37. Leaves usually whorled (3s–6s), sometimes opposite
H. verticillatus
37. Leaves opposite or alternate (not whorled)
→ 38
38. Leaves sessile (grayish green or bluish green), abaxial faces glabrous (glaucous)
→ 39
38. Leaves sessile or petiolate (light to dark green, sometimes whitish abaxially, not grayish or bluish green); abaxial faces glabrous or hairy
→ 41
39. Plants 20–30 cm; stems ascending to erect; ray laminae 7–9 mm;disc corollas 3–3.5 mm
H. arizonensis
39. Plants (30–)100–220 cm; stems erect; ray laminae 15–20 mm; disc corollas 5–7 mm
→ 40
40. Leaves: adaxial faces glabrous or glabrate (smooth or slightly rough to touch); phyllaries 2–3 mm wide; rays 5–10
H. laevigatus
40. Leaves: adaxial faces strumose (rough to touch); phyllaries 3.5–4.5 mm wide; rays 10–18
H. eggertii
41. Leaf blades (1-nerved) lance-linear to lanceolate
H. smithii
41. Leaf blades (3-nerved) lance-linear, lanceolate, lance-ovate, or ovate
→ 42
42. Involucres 5–7 or 8–9 mm diam; rays usually 5 or 8
→ 43
42. Involucres (8–)9–28 mm diam.; rays (8–)10–21 (at least in larger heads)
→ 44
43. Leaves: abaxial faces (whitish) glabrous, not gland-dotted (glaucous)
H. glaucophyllus
43. Leaves: abaxial faces (greenish) usually tomentulose, sometimes glabrate, densely gland-dotted
H. microcephalus
44. Plants (not rhizomatous); phyllaries (paleae and ray laminae) gland-dotted; anthers dull orange or orange-brown, appendages dull orange to yellowish
→ 45
44. Plants (rhizomatous); phyllaries sometimes gland-dotted; anthers usually dark brown to black, rarely reddish brown, appendages yellow, or dark or reddish brown
→ 46
45. Perennials (with crown buds); phyllaries 4–8 mm
H. gracilentus
45. Perennials (taproots stout, parsniplike); phyllaries 11–18 mm
H. cusickii
46. Leaves sessile (3-nerved from bases), bases rounded to cordate
H. divaricatus
46. Leaves sessile or petiolate (3-nerved distal to bases), bases ± cuneate (narrowing gradually)
→ 47
47. Anther appendages yellow
→ 48
47. Anther appendages dark or reddish brown
→ 50
48. Leaves petiolate (petioles 2.5–10 cm, lengths 1/2+ blades), blades oblong-lanceolate or elliptic to ovate; phyllaries usually appressed, strongly un-equal, not surpassing discs
H. occidentalis
48. Leaves petiolate or sessile (petioles 05–1.5 or 1–5 cm, lengths usually less than 1/4 blades), blades lanceolate to lance-ovate; phyllaries usually loose, spreading, ± subequal
→ 49
49. Leaves: petioles (1–)2–5 cm, blades 10–32 × (1.2–)4–9 cm, margins coarsely serrate
H. grosseserratus
49. Leaves: petioles 0.5–1.5 cm, blades 4–20 × 0.8–4 cm, margins entire or shallowly serrate
H. nuttallii
50. Peduncles (gland-dotted); phyllaries (strongly reflexed) 3–5 mm wide (notably surpassing discs), gland-dotted
H. californicus
50. Peduncles (not gland-dotted); phyllaries (sometimes reflexed) to 3 mm wide (sometimes surpassing discs), sometimes gland-dotted
→ 51
51. Plants 100–200(–300) cm (producing tubers); leaves sessile or subsessile (petioles 0–1 cm)
H. schweinitzii
51. Plants 60–200 cm (not producing tubers); leaves petiolate (petioles 1–5 cm)
→ 52
52. Leaves: petioles 1–3 cm, blades moderately serrate or entire, abaxial faces usually densely gland-dotted; phyllaries (equaling or slightly surpassing discs):apices acute
H. strumosus
52. Leaves: petioles 2–5 cm, blades (at least larger leaves) moderately to notably serrate, abaxial faces usually sparsely gland-dotted; phyllaries (at least longer, usually surpassing discs, by 1/2+ their lengths): apices acuminate
H. decapetalus
53. Leaves all or mostly opposite, sessile, bases cordate
H. mollis
53. Leaves opposite or alternate, petiolate or sessile, bases mostly cuneate (not cordate)
→ 54
54. Leaf blades lanceolate to ovate (bases gradually narrowed onto petioles); phyllaries (squarrose to reflexed, notably surpassing discs): apices attenuate, abaxial faces densely gland-dotted (at least toward apices)
H. resinosus
54. Leaf blades lance-linear or lanceolate (and bases attenuate to truncate or rounded), or lance-ovate to ovate (and sessile or petioles narrowly winged); phyllaries (not reflexed): apices acute to attenuate, abaxial faces sometimes gland-dotted
→ 55
55. Perennials (taproots parsniplike); anthers and appendages usually dull orange or orange-brown, sometimes yellowish
H. cusickii
55. Perennials (rhizomatous or with crown buds or slightly thickened taproots); anthers dark brown or black, appendages dark brown or black, or yellow.
→ 56
56. Leaf blades (usually 1-nerved, conduplicate) entire; heads (1–)3–15 (borne singly or inracemiform or spiciform arrays)
H. maximiliani
56. Leaf blades (3-nerved, not conduplicate) entire or serrate; heads (1–)3–16 (borne singly or in ± corymbiform, not racemiform or spiciform arrays)
→ 57
57. Perennials (taprooted); leaves all or mostly opposite, both faces gland-dotted (phyllar-ies, paleae, and ray laminae as well)
H. pumilus
57. Perennials (rhizomatous or with crown buds); leaves opposite or alternate, abaxial faces sometimes (adaxial never) gland-dotted (abaxial faces of phyllaries, paleae, and ray laminae sometimes gland-dotted)
→ 58
58. Phyllaries usually appressed, strongly unequal
→ 59
58. Phyllaries usually loose or spreading, ± subequal
→ 60
59. Petioles 2.5–10 cm (lengths usually 1/2+ blades); leaf blades oblong-lanceolate, ovate, or elliptic; anther appendages yellow; cypselae 3–4 mm
H. occidentalis
59. Petioles 1–5 cm (lengths usually less than 1/2 blades); leaf blades lanceolate to lance-ovate; anther appendages dark brown or black; cypselae (seldom formed)4–5 mm
H. ×laetiflorus
60. Leaves petiolate, petioles 2–8 cm; blades lanceolate to ovate, 7–15 cm wide; cypselae 5–7 mm (plants producing tubers, late in growing season)
H. tuberosus
60. Leaves sessile or petiolate, petioles 0–2 cm; blades elliptic, lance-linear, lanceolate, lance-ovate, linear, or ovate, 0.15–4(–8) cm wide; cypselae 2–5 cm (plants sometimes producing tubers)
→ 61
61. Leaves petiolate, blade bases truncate to rounded
H. hirsutus
61. Leaves petiolate or sessile, blade bases cuneate (gradually narrowing)
→ 62
62. Leaf margins entire or subentire to serrulate (± flat); ray laminae not gland-dotted
→ 63
62. Leaf margins entire or subentire to serrulate (usually revolute); ray laminae gland-dotted abaxially
→ 64
63. Stems (usually reddish) erect; leaves subsessile or petiolate (petioles 0–1.2 cm, ciliate), abaxial faces scabrous or ± hirsute; antherappendages dark brown or black
H. giganteus
63. Stems (usually yellow-brown or greenish) erect; leaves petiolate (petioles 0.5–1.5 cm, not ciliate), abaxial faces hispid to villous or tomentose; anther appendages yellow
H. nuttallii
64. Involucres 9–10(–16) mm diam. (plants producing tubers)
H. schweinitzii
64. Involucres (7–)10–20 mm diam. (plants not producing tubers)
→ 65
65. Leaves lanceolate to elliptic or lance-ovate (lengths rarely more than 5 times widths), margins entire or serrulate (revolute and/or undulate); phyllary apices (at least outer) usually obtuse
H. floridanus
65. Leaves lanceolate to linear (lengths more than 5 times widths), margins entire or subentire (not notably undulate); phyllary apices (at least outer) acute to acuminate
→ 66
66. Plants 50–150+ cm (rhizomes absent or poorly developed); leaves 0.15–0.5(–1) cm wide
H. angustifolius
66. Plants 150–260 cm (rhizomes well developed); leaves 0.7–4 cm wide
H. simulans
Source FNA vol. 21, p. 149. FNA vol. 21, p. 141. Author: Edward E. Schilling.
Parent taxa Asteraceae > tribe Heliantheae > subtribe Helianthinae > Helianthus Asteraceae > tribe Heliantheae > subtribe Helianthinae
Sibling taxa
H. agrestis, H. angustifolius, H. anomalus, H. argophyllus, H. arizonensis, H. atrorubens, H. bolanderi, H. californicus, H. carnosus, H. ciliaris, H. cusickii, H. debilis, H. decapetalus, H. deserticola, H. divaricatus, H. eggertii, H. exilis, H. floridanus, H. giganteus, H. glaucophyllus, H. gracilentus, H. grosseserratus, H. heterophyllus, H. hirsutus, H. laciniatus, H. laevigatus, H. longifolius, H. maximiliani, H. microcephalus, H. mollis, H. neglectus, H. niveus, H. nuttallii, H. occidentalis, H. paradoxus, H. pauciflorus, H. petiolaris, H. porteri, H. praecox, H. pumilus, H. radula, H. resinosus, H. salicifolius, H. schweinitzii, H. silphioides, H. simulans, H. smithii, H. strumosus, H. tuberosus, H. verticillatus, H. ×laetiflorus
Subordinate taxa
H. agrestis, H. angustifolius, H. annuus, H. anomalus, H. argophyllus, H. arizonensis, H. atrorubens, H. bolanderi, H. californicus, H. carnosus, H. ciliaris, H. cusickii, H. debilis, H. decapetalus, H. deserticola, H. divaricatus, H. eggertii, H. exilis, H. floridanus, H. giganteus, H. glaucophyllus, H. gracilentus, H. grosseserratus, H. heterophyllus, H. hirsutus, H. laciniatus, H. laevigatus, H. longifolius, H. maximiliani, H. microcephalus, H. mollis, H. neglectus, H. niveus, H. nuttallii, H. occidentalis, H. paradoxus, H. pauciflorus, H. petiolaris, H. porteri, H. praecox, H. pumilus, H. radula, H. resinosus, H. salicifolius, H. schweinitzii, H. silphioides, H. simulans, H. smithii, H. strumosus, H. tuberosus, H. verticillatus, H. ×laetiflorus
Synonyms H. annuus subsp. jaegeri, H. annuus subsp. lenticularis, H. annuus var. lenticularis, H. annuus var. macrocarpus, H. annuus subsp. texanus, H. aridus, H. jaegeri, H. lenticularis, H. macrocarpus
Name authority Linnaeus: Sp. Pl. 2: 904. (1753) Linnaeus: Sp. Pl. 2: 904. (1753): Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 386. (1754)
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