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Fritillaria glauca

Siskiyou fritillaria, Siskiyou fritillary, Siskiyou missionbells

red bells, scarlet fritillary

Bulb scales

large 3–9; small 1–9.

large 6; small 20–30.

Stem

0.8–2 dm.

3–9 dm.

Leaves

2–4, alternate, 3.5–9 cm;

blade lanceolate-oblong, sickle-shaped, glaucous.

in 1–3 whorls of 2–5 leaves per node proximally, alternate distally, 3–15 cm;

blade linear to narrowly lanceolate.

Flowers

nodding;

tepals purplish or greenish marked with yellow, lanceolate-oblong, 1.5–2.5 cm, apex not recurved;

nectaries green with maroon dots, broadly lanceolate, less than 1/2 tepal length;

style obviously branched for 1/2 its length, branches longer than 1.5 mm.

nodding;

perianth slender;

tepals scarlet, checkered with yellow adaxially and purple abaxially, 1.5–3.7 cm, apex usually strongly recurved;

nectaries yellow, narrowly lanceolate, 1/4 tepal length or less;

style obviously branched for 1/4–1/2 its length, branches ± erect, longer than 1.5 mm.

Capsules

broadly winged.

winged.

2n

= 24.

= 24, 36.

Fritillaria glauca

Fritillaria recurva

Phenology Flowering Jun–Jul. Flowering Mar–Jun.
Habitat Serpentine talus slopes Dry hillsides in shrubland or woodlands
Elevation 600–2100 m [2000–6900 ft] 300–2200 m [1000–7200 ft]
Distribution
from FNA
CA; OR
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
from FNA
CA; NV; OR
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
Discussion

Variety coccinea has been recognized by a number of authors, but examination of numerous specimens indicates no consistent distinction. In some cases, different plants from the same population appear to align with different varieties.

The Shasta and Yana tribes used Fritillaria recurva bulbs as food.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 26, p. 169. FNA vol. 26, p. 171.
Parent taxa Liliaceae > Fritillaria Liliaceae > Fritillaria
Sibling taxa
F. affinis, F. agrestis, F. atropurpurea, F. biflora, F. brandegeei, F. camschatcensis, F. eastwoodiae, F. falcata, F. gentneri, F. liliacea, F. micrantha, F. ojaiensis, F. pinetorum, F. pluriflora, F. pudica, F. purdyi, F. recurva, F. striata, F. viridea
F. affinis, F. agrestis, F. atropurpurea, F. biflora, F. brandegeei, F. camschatcensis, F. eastwoodiae, F. falcata, F. gentneri, F. glauca, F. liliacea, F. micrantha, F. ojaiensis, F. pinetorum, F. pluriflora, F. pudica, F. purdyi, F. striata, F. viridea
Synonyms F. recurva var. coccinea
Name authority Greene: Erythea 1: 153. (1893) Bentham: Pl. Hartw., 340. (1857)
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