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Fritillaria glauca

Siskiyou fritillaria, Siskiyou fritillary, Siskiyou missionbells

yellow bell, yellow fritillary, yellow mission bells

Bulb scales

large 3–9; small 1–9.

large 4–5; small 85–125.

Stem

0.8–2 dm.

0.7–3 dm.

Leaves

2–4, alternate, 3.5–9 cm;

blade lanceolate-oblong, sickle-shaped, glaucous.

2–8, subopposite to scattered, 3–20 cm;

blade linear to lanceolate.

Flowers

nodding;

tepals purplish or greenish marked with yellow, lanceolate-oblong, 1.5–2.5 cm, apex not recurved;

nectaries green with maroon dots, broadly lanceolate, less than 1/2 tepal length;

style obviously branched for 1/2 its length, branches longer than 1.5 mm.

nodding;

tepals yellow to orange, some lined brown, aging to brick red, 0.8–2.2 cm;

nectaries near base of tepals, green, elliptic to round;

style unbranched.

Capsules

broadly winged.

angled.

2n

= 24.

= 24, 26.

Fritillaria glauca

Fritillaria pudica

Phenology Flowering Jun–Jul. Flowering Mar–Jun.
Habitat Serpentine talus slopes Grassy, shrubby, or wooded slopes
Elevation 600–2100 m [2000–6900 ft] 0–2100 m [0–6900 ft]
Distribution
from FNA
CA; OR
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
from FNA
CA; ID; MT; NV; OR; UT; WA; WY; BC
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
Discussion

Fritillaria pudica is highly variable and has one of the widest distributions of all the North American species of the genus. It was commonly used as food by Native Americans. The small bulbs were often eaten raw, and the larger ones were either dried or cooked in various ways. The Okanogan-Colville tribe used the appearance of F. pudica flowers as a sign that spring had arrived, and the Shuswap tribe used them in bouquets.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 26, p. 169. FNA vol. 26, p. 170.
Parent taxa Liliaceae > Fritillaria Liliaceae > Fritillaria
Sibling taxa
F. affinis, F. agrestis, F. atropurpurea, F. biflora, F. brandegeei, F. camschatcensis, F. eastwoodiae, F. falcata, F. gentneri, F. liliacea, F. micrantha, F. ojaiensis, F. pinetorum, F. pluriflora, F. pudica, F. purdyi, F. recurva, F. striata, F. viridea
F. affinis, F. agrestis, F. atropurpurea, F. biflora, F. brandegeei, F. camschatcensis, F. eastwoodiae, F. falcata, F. gentneri, F. glauca, F. liliacea, F. micrantha, F. ojaiensis, F. pinetorum, F. pluriflora, F. purdyi, F. recurva, F. striata, F. viridea
Synonyms Lilium pudicum
Name authority Greene: Erythea 1: 153. (1893) (Pursh) Sprengel: Syst. Veg. 2: 64. (1825)
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