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Fritillaria glauca

Siskiyou fritillaria, Siskiyou fritillary, Siskiyou missionbells

black lily, Indian rice, Kamchatka fritillary, northern rice-root, rice-root fritillary

Bulb scales

large 3–9; small 1–9.

large 6–15; small 30–190.

Stem

0.8–2 dm.

2–6 dm.

Leaves

2–4, alternate, 3.5–9 cm;

blade lanceolate-oblong, sickle-shaped, glaucous.

in 1–3 whorls of 5–9 leaves per node proximally, alternate distally, 4–10 cm, usually shorter than inflorescence;

blade narrowly to broadly lanceolate;

distal leaves usually ± equaling proximalmost leaf.

Flowers

nodding;

tepals purplish or greenish marked with yellow, lanceolate-oblong, 1.5–2.5 cm, apex not recurved;

nectaries green with maroon dots, broadly lanceolate, less than 1/2 tepal length;

style obviously branched for 1/2 its length, branches longer than 1.5 mm.

spreading to nodding, odor unpleasant;

tepals dark greenish brown to brownish purple, sometimes streaked or spotted with yellow, oblong-elliptic to elliptic-obovate, 2–3 cm, apex not recurved;

nectaries obscure, same color as tepals, linear, ± equaling tepal length;

style obviously branched for 2/3 its length, branches longer than 1.5 mm.

Capsules

broadly winged.

cylindric-ovoid.

2n

= 24.

= 24, 36.

Fritillaria glauca

Fritillaria camschatcensis

Phenology Flowering Jun–Jul. Flowering May–Jul.
Habitat Serpentine talus slopes Moist areas from near tideflats to mountain meadows
Elevation 600–2100 m (2000–6900 ft) 0–1000 m (0–3300 ft)
Distribution
from FNA
CA; OR
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
from FNA
AK; OR; WA; BC; Asia (Japan, Russia)
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
Discussion

Coastal Native Americans used bulbs of this species for food. Often the bulbs were dried and later added to other foods, especially soups and fish dishes.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 26, p. 169. FNA vol. 26, p. 168.
Parent taxa Liliaceae > Fritillaria Liliaceae > Fritillaria
Sibling taxa
F. affinis, F. agrestis, F. atropurpurea, F. biflora, F. brandegeei, F. camschatcensis, F. eastwoodiae, F. falcata, F. gentneri, F. liliacea, F. micrantha, F. ojaiensis, F. pinetorum, F. pluriflora, F. pudica, F. purdyi, F. recurva, F. striata, F. viridea
F. affinis, F. agrestis, F. atropurpurea, F. biflora, F. brandegeei, F. eastwoodiae, F. falcata, F. gentneri, F. glauca, F. liliacea, F. micrantha, F. ojaiensis, F. pinetorum, F. pluriflora, F. pudica, F. purdyi, F. recurva, F. striata, F. viridea
Synonyms Lilium camschatcense
Name authority Greene: Erythea 1: 153. (1893) (Linnaeus) Ker Gawler: Bot. Mag. 30: under plate 1216. (1809)
Web links 
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