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Japanese plum, loquat, pipa


bark ± smooth.


petiole 6–10 mm;

blade margins dentate in distal 1/2, lateral veins 15–25 per side, apex acute.


branches stiff, densely rufous-tomentose, with 1–3 barely reduced leaflike bracts, flowers ± sessile;

bracteoles deciduous, narrowly triangular, margins entire, rufous-tomentose.


sepals 3 × 3 mm;

petals ± spreading, often notched, 8–10 mm.


flesh sweet.


3–5, black, ovoid, shiny.


= 34.

Eriobotrya japonica

Phenology Flowering spring.
Habitat Redwood forests, suburban and urban woodlots
Elevation 0–100 m (0–300 ft)
from FNA
CA; FL; GA; LA; Asia (China) [Introduced in North America; introduced also in Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Europe, n, s Africa, Pacific Islands (New Zealand), Australia]
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Naturalized plants of Eriobotrya japonica are only sporadically found in North America. The species is apparently native to east-central China (Gu C. and S. A. Spongberg 2003c), but it has long been cultivated and is now spontaneous in a much larger Asian area. The species is cultivated widely for its fruit in warm temperate and subtropical regions.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 9, p. 432.
Parent taxa Rosaceae > subfam. Amygdaloideae > tribe Maleae > Eriobotrya
Synonyms Mespilus japonica
Name authority (Thunberg) Lindley: Trans. Linn. Soc. London 13: 102. (1821)
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