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Columbia Gorge daisy, Columbia Gorge fleabane, Gorge daisy, Gorge fleabane, Oregon fleabane

Engelmann's fleabane

Habit Perennials, 5–15 cm; stoutly taprooted, caudices usually simple. Perennials, 3–20(–30) cm; taprooted, caudex branches relatively short and thick.
Stems

decumbent to basally ascending or erect, moderately villous, stipitate-glandular.

erect, loosely to closely, sparsely to moderately strigose (hairs 0.1–0.9 mm), usually minutely glandular (glands barely evident), sometimes eglandular.

Leaves

basal (persistent) and cauline;

basal blades (1-nerved or weakly 3-nerved) obovate to spatulate, mostly 20–60(–100) × 5–15(–25) mm, margins usually coarsely dentate or incised, sometimes shallowly serrate, faces sparsely to moderately villous, stipitate-glandular;

cauline gradually or little reduced distally (bases not clasping).

basal (usually persistent) and cauline (petioles prominently ciliate at least on proximal portions, hairs spreading, thick-based);

basal blades linear-oblanceolate, 20–100 × 1–4 mm, margins entire, faces strigose, eglandular;

cauline usually restricted to proximal 1/2 of stems, slightly reduced distally.

Heads

1(–4) (on branches from proximal axils).

1(–3).

Involucres

5–7 × 9–13 mm.

3.5–5(–6) × 7–12 mm.

Ray florets

30–60;

corollas white to pink, 5–8 mm, laminae not coiling or reflexing.

(35–)45–100;

corollas white, sometimes pink or bluish, 5–10 mm, laminae (0.8–1.1 mm wide) primarily reflexing, sometimes also weakly coiling at the tips.

Disc corollas

3.4–4.7 mm.

(2.5–)2.7–4.2 mm (throats indurate and inflated, densely puberulent).

Phyllaries

in 2–3 series, moderately villous, minutely stipitate-glandular.

in 2–3(–4) series, coarsely hirsuto-villous, sparsely to moderately minutely glandular.

Cypselae

flattened, 1.2–1.4 mm, 2-nerved, faces sparsely strigose;

pappi: outer of setae, inner of 15–20 bristles (weakly barbellate and curled and twisted to at least distal 1/2).

1.4–1.8 mm (oblong), 2-nerved, faces sparsely strigose;

pappi: outer usually of narrow scales, sometimes 0 or of setae, inner of 12–20 bristles.

Erigeron oreganus

Erigeron engelmannii

Phenology Flowering May–Sep. Flowering (Apr–)May–Jul.
Habitat Moist shady cliffs and ledges Dry, sandy or rocky sites, prairies, often with sagebrush, rabbitbrush, juniper, pinyon-juniper, salt desert shrub
Elevation 20–400 m [100–1300 ft] 1300–2500 m [4300–8200 ft]
Distribution
from FNA
OR; WA
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
from FNA
CO; ID; UT; WY
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
Discussion

Erigeron oreganus grows in the Columbia River Gorge, primarily on the north side.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Plants from Chaffee and Fremont counties, Colorado, have strigose leaves and the compact habit of Erigeron engelmannii but sparsely spreading-hirsute stems; they may be intermediate between E. engelmannii and E. concinnus. Unusual variation in the pappi of E. engelmannii also suggests that the species needs study and better definition.

A. Cronquist observed that “Erigeron engelmannii intergrades completely with E. pumilus, yet has two geographic subspecies of its own, and shows no distributional similarity to the [taxa] of E. pumilus,” and that E. engelmannii is “smaller and more delicate, with shorter finer hairs, and [has] smaller heads with usually fewer ligules.”

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 20, p. 284. FNA vol. 20, p. 290.
Parent taxa Asteraceae > tribe Astereae > Erigeron Asteraceae > tribe Astereae > Erigeron
Sibling taxa
E. abajoensis, E. acomanus, E. acris, E. aequifolius, E. algidus, E. aliceae, E. allocotus, E. alpiniformis, E. anchana, E. annuus, E. aphanactis, E. arenarioides, E. argentatus, E. arisolius, E. arizonicus, E. asperugineus, E. aureus, E. barbellulatus, E. basalticus, E. bellidiastrum, E. bigelovii, E. biolettii, E. blochmaniae, E. bloomeri, E. breweri, E. caespitosus, E. calvus, E. canaani, E. canus, E. cascadensis, E. cavernensis, E. cervinus, E. chrysopsidis, E. clokeyi, E. compactus, E. compositus, E. concinnus, E. consimilis, E. corymbosus, E. coulteri, E. cronquistii, E. davisii, E. decumbens, E. denalii, E. disparipilus, E. divergens, E. eatonii, E. elatior, E. elatus, E. elegantulus, E. elmeri, E. engelmannii, E. evermannii, E. eximius, E. filifolius, E. flabellifolius, E. flagellaris, E. flettii, E. foliosus, E. formosissimus, E. garrettii, E. geiseri, E. glabellus, E. glacialis, E. glaucus, E. goodrichii, E. gracilis, E. grandiflorus, E. greenei, E. heliographis, E. hessii, E. howellii, E. humilis, E. hyperboreus, E. hyssopifolius, E. inornatus, E. jonesii, E. kachinensis, E. karvinskianus, E. klamathensis, E. kuschei, E. lackschewitzii, E. lanatus, E. lassenianus, E. latus, E. leibergii, E. leiomerus, E. lemmonii, E. linearis, E. lobatus, E. lonchophyllus, E. maguirei, E. mancus, E. maniopotamicus, E. mariposanus, E. melanocephalus, E. miser, E. modestus, E. muirii, E. multiceps, E. nanus, E. nauseosus, E. nematophyllus, E. neomexicanus, E. nivalis, E. ochroleucus, E. oreophilus, E. ovinus, E. oxyphyllus, E. pallens, E. parishii, E. parryi, E. peregrinus, E. petrophilus, E. philadelphicus, E. pinnatisectus, E. piperianus, E. piscaticus, E. poliospermus, E. porsildii, E. pringlei, E. procumbens, E. pulchellus, E. pulcherrimus, E. pumilus, E. purpuratus, E. pygmaeus, E. quercifolius, E. radicatus, E. reductus, E. religiosus, E. rhizomatus, E. robustior, E. rybius, E. rydbergii, E. salishii, E. salmonensis, E. sanctarum, E. saxatilis, E. sceptrifer, E. scopulinus, E. serpentinus, E. sionis, E. sivinskii, E. sparsifolius, E. speciosus, E. strigosus, E. subglaber, E. subtrinervis, E. supplex, E. tenellus, E. tener, E. tenuis, E. tracyi, E. trifidus, E. tweedyi, E. uintahensis, E. uncialis, E. uniflorus, E. untermannii, E. ursinus, E. utahensis, E. vagus, E. velutipes, E. vernus, E. versicolor, E. vetensis, E. vicinus, E. vreelandii, E. watsonii, E. wilkenii, E. yukonensis
E. abajoensis, E. acomanus, E. acris, E. aequifolius, E. algidus, E. aliceae, E. allocotus, E. alpiniformis, E. anchana, E. annuus, E. aphanactis, E. arenarioides, E. argentatus, E. arisolius, E. arizonicus, E. asperugineus, E. aureus, E. barbellulatus, E. basalticus, E. bellidiastrum, E. bigelovii, E. biolettii, E. blochmaniae, E. bloomeri, E. breweri, E. caespitosus, E. calvus, E. canaani, E. canus, E. cascadensis, E. cavernensis, E. cervinus, E. chrysopsidis, E. clokeyi, E. compactus, E. compositus, E. concinnus, E. consimilis, E. corymbosus, E. coulteri, E. cronquistii, E. davisii, E. decumbens, E. denalii, E. disparipilus, E. divergens, E. eatonii, E. elatior, E. elatus, E. elegantulus, E. elmeri, E. evermannii, E. eximius, E. filifolius, E. flabellifolius, E. flagellaris, E. flettii, E. foliosus, E. formosissimus, E. garrettii, E. geiseri, E. glabellus, E. glacialis, E. glaucus, E. goodrichii, E. gracilis, E. grandiflorus, E. greenei, E. heliographis, E. hessii, E. howellii, E. humilis, E. hyperboreus, E. hyssopifolius, E. inornatus, E. jonesii, E. kachinensis, E. karvinskianus, E. klamathensis, E. kuschei, E. lackschewitzii, E. lanatus, E. lassenianus, E. latus, E. leibergii, E. leiomerus, E. lemmonii, E. linearis, E. lobatus, E. lonchophyllus, E. maguirei, E. mancus, E. maniopotamicus, E. mariposanus, E. melanocephalus, E. miser, E. modestus, E. muirii, E. multiceps, E. nanus, E. nauseosus, E. nematophyllus, E. neomexicanus, E. nivalis, E. ochroleucus, E. oreganus, E. oreophilus, E. ovinus, E. oxyphyllus, E. pallens, E. parishii, E. parryi, E. peregrinus, E. petrophilus, E. philadelphicus, E. pinnatisectus, E. piperianus, E. piscaticus, E. poliospermus, E. porsildii, E. pringlei, E. procumbens, E. pulchellus, E. pulcherrimus, E. pumilus, E. purpuratus, E. pygmaeus, E. quercifolius, E. radicatus, E. reductus, E. religiosus, E. rhizomatus, E. robustior, E. rybius, E. rydbergii, E. salishii, E. salmonensis, E. sanctarum, E. saxatilis, E. sceptrifer, E. scopulinus, E. serpentinus, E. sionis, E. sivinskii, E. sparsifolius, E. speciosus, E. strigosus, E. subglaber, E. subtrinervis, E. supplex, E. tenellus, E. tener, E. tenuis, E. tracyi, E. trifidus, E. tweedyi, E. uintahensis, E. uncialis, E. uniflorus, E. untermannii, E. ursinus, E. utahensis, E. vagus, E. velutipes, E. vernus, E. versicolor, E. vetensis, E. vicinus, E. vreelandii, E. watsonii, E. wilkenii, E. yukonensis
Name authority A. Gray: Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 19: 2. (1883) A. Nelson: Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 26: 247. (1899)
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