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Columbia Gorge daisy, Columbia Gorge fleabane, Gorge daisy, Gorge fleabane, Oregon fleabane

Eaton's daisy, Eaton's fleabane, Eaton's shaggy daisy

Habit Perennials, 5–15 cm; stoutly taprooted, caudices usually simple. Perennials, 4–23(–33) cm; tap-rooted, caudices simple or branched.
Stems

decumbent to basally ascending or erect, moderately villous, stipitate-glandular.

erect to ascending or decumbent, strigose, rarely hirtellous, sometimes minutely glandular.

Leaves

basal (persistent) and cauline;

basal blades (1-nerved or weakly 3-nerved) obovate to spatulate, mostly 20–60(–100) × 5–15(–25) mm, margins usually coarsely dentate or incised, sometimes shallowly serrate, faces sparsely to moderately villous, stipitate-glandular;

cauline gradually or little reduced distally (bases not clasping).

basal (persistent) and cauline;

basal blades (3-nerved) linear to oblanceolate, 50–110(–190) × (1–)2–8(–13) mm;

cauline gradually reduced distally, margins entire, faces loosely strigose to sparsely hirsuto-villous, eglandular.

Heads

1(–4) (on branches from proximal axils).

1–4(–7).

Involucres

5–7 × 9–13 mm.

4.5–8 × 8–14(–17) mm (7–11 × 17–23 mm in var. nevadincola).

Ray florets

30–60;

corollas white to pink, 5–8 mm, laminae not coiling or reflexing.

16–42;

corollas white or pink to bluish or purple, 5–8(–9) mm, laminae not coiling or reflexing.

Disc corollas

3.4–4.7 mm.

2.5–5 mm (–6.8 mm in var. nevadincola).

Phyllaries

in 2–3 series, moderately villous, minutely stipitate-glandular.

in 2–3(–4) series, hirsutulous to villous, sometimes minutely glandular.

Cypselae

flattened, 1.2–1.4 mm, 2-nerved, faces sparsely strigose;

pappi: outer of setae, inner of 15–20 bristles (weakly barbellate and curled and twisted to at least distal 1/2).

1.7–3.5 mm (–4.5 mm in var. nevadincola), 2-nerved, faces sparsely strigose;

pappi: outer of setae, inner of 12–30 bristles.

Erigeron oreganus

Erigeron eatonii

Phenology Flowering May–Sep.
Habitat Moist shady cliffs and ledges
Elevation 20–400 m [100–1300 ft]
Distribution
from FNA
OR; WA
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
from FNA
AZ; CA; CO; ID; MT; NV; OR; UT; WA; WY
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
Discussion

Erigeron oreganus grows in the Columbia River Gorge, primarily on the north side.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Varieties 6 (6 in the flora).

J. L. Strother and W. J. Ferlatte (1988) provided a detailed study of Erigeron eatonii and its closest relatives (the following key is adapted from their study). Erigeron eatonii is regarded here as comprising a group of varieties with relatively discrete, nearly non-overlapping distributions, intergrading where their ranges are contiguous (for maps, see Strother and Ferlatte). Varieties villosus and lavandulus are exceptions: var. villosus occurs north of all other varieties except var. lavandulus, which occurs completely within the range of var. villosus and might justifiably be treated at specific rank. Variety nevadincola often has been treated at specific rank; its distinctions are quantitative (larger heads, florets, and fruits) and it intergrades with var. sonnei. Erigeron canaani occurs at the southwestern extreme of the range of E. eatonii var. eatonii and may be better treated at varietal rank within E. eatonii; as noted by Strother and Ferlatte, linear-leaves (diagnostic feature of E. canaani) occur in plants of var. eatonii in other parts of its range.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Key
1. Involucres 4.5–11 mm; disc corollas (3.5–)4.5–6.8 mm; pappi of 18–30 bristles 3.5–5 mm
→ 2
1. Involucres 4–5(–7) mm; disc corollas 2.5–4(–5) mm; pappi of 12–20(–28) bristles 2.5–4(–5) mm
→ 3
2. Involucres 7–11 × (14–)17–23 mm; ray laminae 7–11 mm; disc corollas 4.4–6.8 mm
E. eatonii var. nevadincola
2. Involucres 4.5–8 × 8–12(–16) mm; ray laminae 4.5–6.6(–8.5) mm; disc corollas 3.5–5 mm
E. eatonii var. sonnei
3. Phyllaries moderately to densely minutely glandular, sparsely to moderately villous
→ 4
3. Phyllaries sometimes sparsely minutely glandular, hirtellous to villous
→ 5
4. Heads 1–2(–7), held well beyond basal leaves
E. eatonii var. eatonii
4. Heads (1–)2–4(–6), held slightly if at all beyond basal leaves
E. eatonii var. lavandulus
5. Heads 1–4; phyllaries sparsely to moderately hirtellous (hairs mostly 0.3–0.8 mm)
E. eatonii var. plantagineus
5. Heads 1(–2); phyllaries moderately to densely villous (hairs mostly 1–2 mm)
E. eatonii var. villosus
Source FNA vol. 20, p. 284. FNA vol. 20, p. 279.
Parent taxa Asteraceae > tribe Astereae > Erigeron Asteraceae > tribe Astereae > Erigeron
Sibling taxa
E. abajoensis, E. acomanus, E. acris, E. aequifolius, E. algidus, E. aliceae, E. allocotus, E. alpiniformis, E. anchana, E. annuus, E. aphanactis, E. arenarioides, E. argentatus, E. arisolius, E. arizonicus, E. asperugineus, E. aureus, E. barbellulatus, E. basalticus, E. bellidiastrum, E. bigelovii, E. biolettii, E. blochmaniae, E. bloomeri, E. breweri, E. caespitosus, E. calvus, E. canaani, E. canus, E. cascadensis, E. cavernensis, E. cervinus, E. chrysopsidis, E. clokeyi, E. compactus, E. compositus, E. concinnus, E. consimilis, E. corymbosus, E. coulteri, E. cronquistii, E. davisii, E. decumbens, E. denalii, E. disparipilus, E. divergens, E. eatonii, E. elatior, E. elatus, E. elegantulus, E. elmeri, E. engelmannii, E. evermannii, E. eximius, E. filifolius, E. flabellifolius, E. flagellaris, E. flettii, E. foliosus, E. formosissimus, E. garrettii, E. geiseri, E. glabellus, E. glacialis, E. glaucus, E. goodrichii, E. gracilis, E. grandiflorus, E. greenei, E. heliographis, E. hessii, E. howellii, E. humilis, E. hyperboreus, E. hyssopifolius, E. inornatus, E. jonesii, E. kachinensis, E. karvinskianus, E. klamathensis, E. kuschei, E. lackschewitzii, E. lanatus, E. lassenianus, E. latus, E. leibergii, E. leiomerus, E. lemmonii, E. linearis, E. lobatus, E. lonchophyllus, E. maguirei, E. mancus, E. maniopotamicus, E. mariposanus, E. melanocephalus, E. miser, E. modestus, E. muirii, E. multiceps, E. nanus, E. nauseosus, E. nematophyllus, E. neomexicanus, E. nivalis, E. ochroleucus, E. oreophilus, E. ovinus, E. oxyphyllus, E. pallens, E. parishii, E. parryi, E. peregrinus, E. petrophilus, E. philadelphicus, E. pinnatisectus, E. piperianus, E. piscaticus, E. poliospermus, E. porsildii, E. pringlei, E. procumbens, E. pulchellus, E. pulcherrimus, E. pumilus, E. purpuratus, E. pygmaeus, E. quercifolius, E. radicatus, E. reductus, E. religiosus, E. rhizomatus, E. robustior, E. rybius, E. rydbergii, E. salishii, E. salmonensis, E. sanctarum, E. saxatilis, E. sceptrifer, E. scopulinus, E. serpentinus, E. sionis, E. sivinskii, E. sparsifolius, E. speciosus, E. strigosus, E. subglaber, E. subtrinervis, E. supplex, E. tenellus, E. tener, E. tenuis, E. tracyi, E. trifidus, E. tweedyi, E. uintahensis, E. uncialis, E. uniflorus, E. untermannii, E. ursinus, E. utahensis, E. vagus, E. velutipes, E. vernus, E. versicolor, E. vetensis, E. vicinus, E. vreelandii, E. watsonii, E. wilkenii, E. yukonensis
E. abajoensis, E. acomanus, E. acris, E. aequifolius, E. algidus, E. aliceae, E. allocotus, E. alpiniformis, E. anchana, E. annuus, E. aphanactis, E. arenarioides, E. argentatus, E. arisolius, E. arizonicus, E. asperugineus, E. aureus, E. barbellulatus, E. basalticus, E. bellidiastrum, E. bigelovii, E. biolettii, E. blochmaniae, E. bloomeri, E. breweri, E. caespitosus, E. calvus, E. canaani, E. canus, E. cascadensis, E. cavernensis, E. cervinus, E. chrysopsidis, E. clokeyi, E. compactus, E. compositus, E. concinnus, E. consimilis, E. corymbosus, E. coulteri, E. cronquistii, E. davisii, E. decumbens, E. denalii, E. disparipilus, E. divergens, E. elatior, E. elatus, E. elegantulus, E. elmeri, E. engelmannii, E. evermannii, E. eximius, E. filifolius, E. flabellifolius, E. flagellaris, E. flettii, E. foliosus, E. formosissimus, E. garrettii, E. geiseri, E. glabellus, E. glacialis, E. glaucus, E. goodrichii, E. gracilis, E. grandiflorus, E. greenei, E. heliographis, E. hessii, E. howellii, E. humilis, E. hyperboreus, E. hyssopifolius, E. inornatus, E. jonesii, E. kachinensis, E. karvinskianus, E. klamathensis, E. kuschei, E. lackschewitzii, E. lanatus, E. lassenianus, E. latus, E. leibergii, E. leiomerus, E. lemmonii, E. linearis, E. lobatus, E. lonchophyllus, E. maguirei, E. mancus, E. maniopotamicus, E. mariposanus, E. melanocephalus, E. miser, E. modestus, E. muirii, E. multiceps, E. nanus, E. nauseosus, E. nematophyllus, E. neomexicanus, E. nivalis, E. ochroleucus, E. oreganus, E. oreophilus, E. ovinus, E. oxyphyllus, E. pallens, E. parishii, E. parryi, E. peregrinus, E. petrophilus, E. philadelphicus, E. pinnatisectus, E. piperianus, E. piscaticus, E. poliospermus, E. porsildii, E. pringlei, E. procumbens, E. pulchellus, E. pulcherrimus, E. pumilus, E. purpuratus, E. pygmaeus, E. quercifolius, E. radicatus, E. reductus, E. religiosus, E. rhizomatus, E. robustior, E. rybius, E. rydbergii, E. salishii, E. salmonensis, E. sanctarum, E. saxatilis, E. sceptrifer, E. scopulinus, E. serpentinus, E. sionis, E. sivinskii, E. sparsifolius, E. speciosus, E. strigosus, E. subglaber, E. subtrinervis, E. supplex, E. tenellus, E. tener, E. tenuis, E. tracyi, E. trifidus, E. tweedyi, E. uintahensis, E. uncialis, E. uniflorus, E. untermannii, E. ursinus, E. utahensis, E. vagus, E. velutipes, E. vernus, E. versicolor, E. vetensis, E. vicinus, E. vreelandii, E. watsonii, E. wilkenii, E. yukonensis
Subordinate taxa
E. eatonii var. eatonii, E. eatonii var. lavandulus, E. eatonii var. nevadincola, E. eatonii var. plantagineus, E. eatonii var. sonnei, E. eatonii var. villosus
Name authority A. Gray: Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 19: 2. (1883) A. Gray: Notes Compositae, 91. (1880)
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