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Delphinium leucophaeum

pale larkspur, white rock larkspur

Edwards' Plateau larkspur, Sierra madre larkspur

Stems

30-60 cm.

30-80(-100) cm;

base often reddish, puberulent.

Leaves

blade semicircular to cordate, 2-8 × 2-10 cm, nearly glabrous; ultimate lobes 3-12, width 3-10 mm (basal), 2-6 mm (cauline).

Inflorescences

5-75(-98)-flowered;

pedicel 1-2.5(-5) cm, puberulent;

bracteoles 2-4(-8) mm from flowers, green, lanceolate-linear, 3-5 mm, puberulent.

Flowers

sepals white or light yellow, spurs 9-11 mm;

lower petal blades 4-6 mm.

sepals dark blue to light blue, puberulent, lateral sepals spreading, 9-15 × 5-7 mm, spurs straight, ascending ca. 45(-90)°, 10-15(-19) mm;

lower petal blades elevated, exposing stamens, 4-7 mm, clefts 2-4 mm;

hairs centered, densest on inner lobes near base of cleft, white.

Fruits

15-21 mm, 3.5-4.5 times longer than wide, nearly glabrous.

Seeds

seed coat cells with surfaces pustulate.

2n

= 16.

Delphinium nuttallii subsp. ochroleucum

Delphinium madrense

Phenology Flowering late spring. Flowering spring–early summer.
Habitat Rock outcrops, rocky meadows Calcareous slopes, oak woods or desert scrub
Elevation 50-100 m [200-300 ft] 300-2100 m [1000-6900 ft]
Distribution
from FNA
OR
[WildflowerSearch map]
from FNA
TX; Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas)
[BONAP county map]
Discussion

Of conservation concern.

The range of morphologic features of Delphinium nuttallii subsp. ochroleucum (D. leucophaeum) is almost completely encompassed within that of D. nuttallii subsp. nuttallii. Sepal color is the only feature consistently separating the two subspecies. Were it not for the fact that any given population typically has plants of only one flower color, a rank of forma would be more appropriate.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Delphinium madrense hybridizes with D. carolinianum subspp. vimineum and virescens.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 3. FNA vol. 3.
Parent taxa Ranunculaceae > Delphinium > sect. Diedropetala > subsect. Grumosa > Delphinium nuttallii Ranunculaceae > Delphinium > sect. Diedropetala > subsect. Virescens
Sibling taxa
D. alabamicum, D. alpestre, D. andersonii, D. andesicola, D. antoninum, D. bakeri, D. barbeyi, D. basalticum, D. bicolor, D. brachycentrum, D. californicum, D. cardinale, D. carolinianum, D. decorum, D. depauperatum, D. distichum, D. elatum, D. exaltatum, D. geraniifolium, D. geyeri, D. glareosum, D. glaucescens, D. glaucum, D. gracilentum, D. gypsophilum, D. hansenii, D. hesperium, D. hutchinsoniae, D. inopinum, D. lineapetalum, D. luteum, D. madrense, D. menziesii, D. multiplex, D. newtonianum, D. novomexicanum, D. nudicaule, D. nuttallianum, D. nuttallii, D. parishii, D. parryi, D. patens, D. polycladon, D. purpusii, D. ramosum, D. recurvatum, D. robustum, D. sapellonis, D. scaposum, D. scopulorum, D. stachydeum, D. sutherlandii, D. treleasei, D. tricorne, D. trolliifolium, D. uliginosum, D. umbraculorum, D. variegatum, D. viridescens, D. wootonii, D. xantholeucum
D. alabamicum, D. alpestre, D. andersonii, D. andesicola, D. antoninum, D. bakeri, D. barbeyi, D. basalticum, D. bicolor, D. brachycentrum, D. californicum, D. cardinale, D. carolinianum, D. decorum, D. depauperatum, D. distichum, D. elatum, D. exaltatum, D. geraniifolium, D. geyeri, D. glareosum, D. glaucescens, D. glaucum, D. gracilentum, D. gypsophilum, D. hansenii, D. hesperium, D. hutchinsoniae, D. inopinum, D. lineapetalum, D. luteum, D. menziesii, D. multiplex, D. newtonianum, D. novomexicanum, D. nudicaule, D. nuttallianum, D. nuttallii, D. parishii, D. parryi, D. patens, D. polycladon, D. purpusii, D. ramosum, D. recurvatum, D. robustum, D. sapellonis, D. scaposum, D. scopulorum, D. stachydeum, D. sutherlandii, D. treleasei, D. tricorne, D. trolliifolium, D. uliginosum, D. umbraculorum, D. variegatum, D. viridescens, D. wootonii, D. xantholeucum
Synonyms D. menziesii var. (ß) ochroleucum, D. leucophaeum
Name authority (Nuttall) M. J. Warnock: Phytologia 78: 98. (1995) S. Watson: Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 17: 141. (1890)
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