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ivy-leaf toadflax, Kenilworth-ivy

Cymbalaria muralis

from FNA
AR; CA; CO; CT; DE; IL; IN; KY; MA; MD; MI; MO; NC; NE; NJ; OH; OR; PA; SC; SD; TN; VA; VT; WA; WI; WV; BC; MB; NB; ON; QC; Europe [Introduced in North America; introduced also in Mexico, Central America, South America, Asia, Africa, Atlantic Islands, Pacific Islands, Australia]
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Subspecies 3 (1 in the flora).

With its five- to nine-lobed leaves and glabrous stems and leaves, Cymbalaria muralis is distinctive within Cymbalaria. Three subspecies are recognized; only subsp. muralis occurs in North America (D. A. Sutton 1988); it is distributed widely throughout the world. Subspecies visianii (Kümmerle ex Jávorka) D. A. Webb and subsp. pubescens (J. Presl & C. Presl) D. A. Webb occur in Italy and the Balkan Peninsula. The pedicels of C. muralis elongate and recurve during fruit maturation, which results in significant amounts of short-range seed dispersal (T. Junghans and E. Fischer 2007).

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Source FNA vol. 17, p. 20.
Parent taxa Plantaginaceae > Cymbalaria
Subordinate taxa
C. muralis subsp. muralis
Synonyms Antirrhinum cymbalaria, Linaria cymbalaria
Name authority P. Gaertner: B. Meyer & Scherbius, Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 2: 397. (1800)
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