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candy flower, pink purslane, Siberian miner's-lettuce, Siberian spring-beauty, western springbeauty

cushion miner's-lettuce, erubescent lettuce, erubescent miner's-lettuce, red miners lettuce, red stem spring beauty, red-stem miner's lettuce

Habit Plants annual or perennial, rhizomatous, producing bulblets or stolons; periderm absent. Plants annual, sometimes overwintering and biennial, with minute, shortened, tuberous bodies; periderm absent.
Stems

5–40 cm.

1–10 cm.

Leaves

basal leaves petiolate, 3–20 cm, blade linear, lanceolate, or deltate, 2–7 × 1–5 cm;

cauline leaves sessile, distinct, blade lanceolate to ovate, 1–5 cm.

basal leaves in flattened to suberect rosettes, 0.5–6 cm, blade with strong red pigmentation even in juvenile plants, narrowly rhombic to ovate, spatulate, or trullate, 0.5–1.5 × 0.5–1 cm, apex obtuse;

cauline leaves distinct or connate on 1 side or perfoliate, sessile, blade ovate.

Inflorescences

multibracteate;

bracts leaflike, 5–30 mm.

1-bracteate;

bract leaflike, 0.5–15 mm.

Flowers

8–20 mm diam., sepals 3–5 mm;

petals white, candy-striped, or pink, 8–14 mm;

ovules 3.

2–5 mm diam.;

sepals 1.5–2.5 mm;

petals 2–3 mm, pinkish white to white;

ovules 3.

Seeds

(1–)3, 2–3 mm, shiny and smooth;

elaiosome 1 mm.

2–3 mm diam., shiny and smooth;

elaiosome 1–2 mm.

2n

= 12, 24, 36.

= 12, 24, 36.

Claytonia sibirica

Claytonia rubra

Phenology Flowering Feb–Aug.
Habitat Thickets of red alder, dogwood, vine-leaf maple, moist shaded coniferous forests
Elevation 0-2000 m (0-6600 ft)
Distribution
from FNA
AK; CA; ID; MT; OR; WA; BC; Eurasia (Russia)
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
from FNA
CA; CO; ID; MT; NV; OR; SD; UT; WA; WY; BC
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
Discussion

Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora).

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Key
1. Basal leaf blades trullate; cauline leaves distinct or perfoliate
subsp. rubra
1. Basal leaf blades lanceolate, spatulate, rhombic, or ovate; cauline leaves usually connate on only 1 side or perfoliate
subsp. depressa
Source FNA vol. 4, p. 474. FNA vol. 4, p. 473.
Parent taxa Portulacaceae > Claytonia Portulacaceae > Claytonia
Sibling taxa
C. acutifolia, C. arctica, C. arenicola, C. caroliniana, C. cordifolia, C. exigua, C. gypsophiloides, C. lanceolata, C. megarhiza, C. multiscapa, C. nevadensis, C. ogilviensis, C. palustris, C. parviflora, C. perfoliata, C. rosea, C. rubra, C. sarmentosa, C. saxosa, C. scammaniana, C. tuberosa, C. umbellata, C. virginica, C. washingtoniana
C. acutifolia, C. arctica, C. arenicola, C. caroliniana, C. cordifolia, C. exigua, C. gypsophiloides, C. lanceolata, C. megarhiza, C. multiscapa, C. nevadensis, C. ogilviensis, C. palustris, C. parviflora, C. perfoliata, C. rosea, C. sarmentosa, C. saxosa, C. scammaniana, C. sibirica, C. tuberosa, C. umbellata, C. virginica, C. washingtoniana
Subordinate taxa
C. rubra subsp. depressa, C. rubra subsp. rubra
Synonyms Montia sibirica, Montia sibirica var. bulbifera, Montia sibirica var. heterophylla Montia rubra
Name authority Linnaeus: Sp. Pl. 1: 204. (1753) (Howell) Tidestrom: Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 25: 188. (1925)
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