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candy flower, pink purslane, Siberian miner's-lettuce, Siberian spring-beauty, western springbeauty

Indian lettuce, miner's-lettuce, miner's-lettuce spring-beauty, winter purslane

Habit Plants annual or perennial, rhizomatous, producing bulblets or stolons; periderm absent. Plants annual, with minute, tuberous bodies; periderm absent.
Stems

5–40 cm.

5–50 cm.

Leaves

basal leaves petiolate, 3–20 cm, blade linear, lanceolate, or deltate, 2–7 × 1–5 cm;

cauline leaves sessile, distinct, blade lanceolate to ovate, 1–5 cm.

basal leaves in suberect to erect, seldom flattened rosettes, petiolate, 1–30 cm, blade often with weak red pigmentation, broadly rhombic to deltate or reniform, 1–7 × 0.5–5(–6) cm, apex obtuse to apiculate, mucro 1–3 mm;

cauline leaves sessile, blade perfoliate or cleft or notched, 10 cm diam. or less.

Inflorescences

multibracteate;

bracts leaflike, 5–30 mm.

1-bracteate;

bract leaflike, 0.5–15 mm.

Flowers

8–20 mm diam., sepals 3–5 mm;

petals white, candy-striped, or pink, 8–14 mm;

ovules 3.

3–10 mm;

sepals 1.5–4 mm;

petals pink or white, 2–5 mm;

ovules 3.

Seeds

(1–)3, 2–3 mm, shiny and smooth;

elaiosome 1 mm.

2–5 mm, shiny and smooth;

elaiosome 1–3 mm.

2n

= 12, 24, 36.

= 12, 24, 36, 48, 60.

Claytonia sibirica

Claytonia perfoliata

Phenology Flowering Feb–Aug.
Habitat Thickets of red alder, dogwood, vine-leaf maple, moist shaded coniferous forests
Elevation 0-2000 m (0-6600 ft)
Distribution
from FNA
AK; CA; ID; MT; OR; WA; BC; Eurasia (Russia)
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
from FNA
AZ; CA; CO; ID; MT; NM; NV; OR; UT; WA; WY; BC; Central America (Guatemala); adventive in Europe; Pacific Islands (New Zealand)
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
Discussion

Subspecies 3 (3 in the flora).

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Key
1. Basal leaf rosettes erect, 20-50 cm; cauline leaf pairs connate into perfoliate discs, blade margins entire; seeds 3-5 mm
subsp. perfoliata
1. Basal leaf rosettes suberect to flattened, 2-30 cm; cauline leaf pairs perfoliate, blade margins notched or deeply cleft; seeds 2-4 mm
→ 2
2. Basal leaf blades ovate to broadly rhombic, apex obtuse; leaf blades often beet red, gray-green, or purplish; epidermal gas pockets easily seen in field; seeds 3-4 mm
subsp. intermontana
2. Basal leaf blades deltate, apex apiculate; leaf blades mostly green; not beet red; epidermal gas pockets usually not visible (except in populations of California Transverse Ranges); seeds 2-3 mm
subsp. mexicana
Source FNA vol. 4, p. 474. FNA vol. 4, p. 472.
Parent taxa Portulacaceae > Claytonia Portulacaceae > Claytonia
Sibling taxa
C. acutifolia, C. arctica, C. arenicola, C. caroliniana, C. cordifolia, C. exigua, C. gypsophiloides, C. lanceolata, C. megarhiza, C. multiscapa, C. nevadensis, C. ogilviensis, C. palustris, C. parviflora, C. perfoliata, C. rosea, C. rubra, C. sarmentosa, C. saxosa, C. scammaniana, C. tuberosa, C. umbellata, C. virginica, C. washingtoniana
C. acutifolia, C. arctica, C. arenicola, C. caroliniana, C. cordifolia, C. exigua, C. gypsophiloides, C. lanceolata, C. megarhiza, C. multiscapa, C. nevadensis, C. ogilviensis, C. palustris, C. parviflora, C. rosea, C. rubra, C. sarmentosa, C. saxosa, C. scammaniana, C. sibirica, C. tuberosa, C. umbellata, C. virginica, C. washingtoniana
Subordinate taxa
C. perfoliata subsp. intermontana, C. perfoliata subsp. mexicana, C. perfoliata subsp. perfoliata
Synonyms Montia sibirica, Montia sibirica var. bulbifera, Montia sibirica var. heterophylla Montia perfoliata
Name authority Linnaeus: Sp. Pl. 1: 204. (1753) Donn ex Willdenow: Sp. Pl. 2: 1186. (1798)
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