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chicory, common chicory, wild chicory, wild succory

Habit Perennials (sometimes flowering first year).
Leaves

blades of basal 5–35+ × 1–8(–12+) cm;

cauline similar, smaller, narrower, distal mostly linear.

Peduncles

mostly 0–2 mm, some narrowly clavate, 12–45(–85+) mm.

Phyllaries

outer 5–6 lance-ovate to lanceolate, 4–7 mm, basally cartilaginous, distally herbaceous, inner 8+ lance-linear to linear, 6–12 mm, herbaceous, all usually with some gland-tipped hairs 0.5–0.8 mm on margins near bases or on abaxial faces toward tips.

Cypselae

2–3 mm;

pappi 0.01–0.2 mm.

2n

= 18.

Cichorium intybus

Phenology Flowering Apr–Jul.
Habitat Disturbed sites
Elevation 0–1500 m [0–4900 ft]
Discussion

Leaves of Cichorium intybus are sometimes used as salad greens; the roasted roots are sometimes ground and used as an addition to (or adulterant of) coffee.

(Discussion copyrighted by Flora of North America; reprinted with permission.)

Distribution
from FNA
AR; CA; CT; IA; IL; IN; KS; MA; ME; MI; MO; NC; NH; NV; NY; PA; RI; TX; UT; VT; AB; BC; MB; NB; NL; NS; ON; PE; QC; SK; SPM; Europe; Asia [Introduced in North America; introduced also in Africa, South America]
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
Parent taxa Asteraceae > tribe Cichorieae > Cichorium
Name authority Linnaeus: Sp. Pl. 2: 813. (1753)
Source Flora of North America vol. 19, p. 222.
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