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common camas

Habit Plants diurnal; 10–80 cm tall; bulbs solitary.
Leaves

3–5, lanceolate to linear, 25–70 cm × 5–15 mm.

Inflorescences

nodes 3–45, with 2–5 or more flowers open at once, sterile bracts 0–2; most longer than pedicels, tan to blue;

pedicel-stem angle broad or less often narrow.

Flowers

corollas bilateral, rarely radial;

tepals 10–35 × 3–5 mm, pale blue to deep blue-violet, initially withering individually or connivently but separating in fruit and persisting on stem;

veins 3–9.

Fruits

oriented away from or appressed to stem; ovoid-oblong, 15–25 mm.

Seeds

5–10 per locule.

Camassia quamash

Discussion

Western North America. 8 subspecies; 6 subspecies treated in Flora.

Camassia quamash includes a confusing array of morphologically and geographically diverse subspecies. Differentiating them remains challenging, yet genetic data have revealed a detectable molecular signature between groups that grow “east” (breviflora, quamash, utahensis) and “west” of the Cascades (intermedia, maxima, walpolei). Taxa within these groups are still unresolved (Fishbein et al. 2010).

Distribution
[WildflowerSearch map]
[BONAP county map]
Sibling taxa
C. cusickii, C. howellii, C. leichtlinii
Subordinate taxa
C. quamash ssp. breviflora, C. quamash ssp. intermedia, C. quamash ssp. maxima, C. quamash ssp. quamash, C. quamash ssp. utahensis, C. quamash ssp. walpolei, C. quamash var. breviflora, C. quamash var. intermedia, C. quamash var. maxima, C. quamash var. quamash, C. quamash var. utahensis
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